Refugee and Demographic Change: Syrian Refugee in Lebanon and the Rise of the New Conflict

Heavy Nala Estriani


Abstract


 

The aim of this paper is to examine the influx of Syrian refugee flow and how it affects the population and shapes the demographic changes in Lebanon. Over the years, the demographic balance in Lebanon was determined by the sectarian balance which managed through its confessional proportional political system. The massive exodus of Syrian refugee in Lebanon has changed the country’s demographic composition in which majority of Syrian refugee comes from Moslem Sunni. Thus, it challenges the other groups of Christian Maronite, Moslem Shia, and Druze that fears for the loss of their predominance in Lebanon. This paper argues that the presence of Syrian refugee has challenged the sectarian balance in Lebanon. This unbalanced condition has further endangered Lebanon security and exacerbated its stability and placed both refugees and Lebanese into serious violent conflict. Thus, the condition further challenges the human security aspect for both disputed parties.

Key words: Refugee, Demography, Lebanon, Syrian, Conflict, Ethnic


Keywords


Refugee; demographic change; new conflict; Syrian; Lebanon;

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References


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