The Influence of Origami and Rectangular Crash Box Variations on MPV Bumper with Offset Frontal Test Examination toward Deformability

Imam Kusyairi


Crash Box attached between bumper and chassis of a car serving as a kinetic energy absorber during the collision. In previous research, origami pattern crash box was tested at low speed, high speed, and frontal impact and oblique impact directions. They resulted predictable collapse and stable deformation patterns. It is directly proportional to the energy absorption during the impact. Origami pattern crash box was modeled in square but it cannot be used if it is applied in MPV car, the geometry is unsuitable to the bumper and chassis. Therefore, in this research, the crash box designed according to the size of bumper and chassis of MPV car where its shape is rectangular on the surface. This research will compare the deformation pattern between origami and rectangular crash box adapted to conditions and dimensions of the MPV car. Design built using CAD software and simulation is performed using FEM (Finite Element Method) software. Simulation test modeled with impactor, bumper and crash box, while offset frontal test with 16 km/h impact speed conducted using material bilinear isotropic hardening modeling. Result show that origami pattern crash box has predictable deformation pattern than rectangular pattern crash box.

Full Text:



Bois, Paul Du, Clifford C. Chou, Bahig B. Fileta, Tawfik B. Khalil, Albert I. King, Hikmat F. Mahmood, Harold J. Mertz dan Jac Wismans (2004). Vehicle Crashworthiness And Occupant Protection. Michigan American Iron and Steel Institute 2000 Town Center Southfield, Michigan 48075.

Ma, Jiayao. (2013). Energy Absorption of Thin-Walled Square Tubes With a Prefolded Origami Pattern—Part I: Geometry and Numerical Simulation. Journal of Applied Mechanics. 81. 1003-. 10.1115/1.4024405.

Kusyairi, Imam, Moch. Agus Choiron dan Anindito Purnowidodo. (2015). Pengaruh Variasi Desain Crash Box Pola Origami terhadap Kemampuan Penyerapan Energi. Jurnal Rotor Universitas Negeri Jember. Vol 8 NO 2

Bintarto, Redi, Andik Atmaja dan Imam Kusyairi. (2016). Analisis Penyerapan Energi Crash Box Pola Origami pada Pengujian Frontal Impact Posisi Angular Frontal. Jurnal rekayasa mesin universitas brawijaya. Vol 8, No 1

Zhou, Caihua & Jiang, Liangliang & Tian, Kuo & Bi, Xiangjun & Wang, Bo. (2017). Origami Crash Boxes Subjected to Dynamic Oblique Loading. Journal of Applied Mechanics. 84. . 10.1115/1.4037160.

Zhou, Caihua & Zhou, Yan & Wang, Bo. (2017). Crashworthiness design for trapezoid origami crash boxes. Thin-Walled Structures. 117. 257–267. 10.1016/j.tws.2017.03.022.

Filipov,E.T.,G.H. Paulino and T. Tachi. (2015). Origami tubes with reconfigurable polygonal cross-sections Proc. R.Soc.A472: 20150607.

Song, Jie, Yan Chen, Guoxing Lu. (2012). Axial crushing of thin-walled structures with origami patterns. Elsevier. Thin-Walled Structures 54 (2012) 65–71

Ma, Jiayao. (2011) Thin-walled Tubes with Pre-folded Origami Patterns as Energy Absorption Devices. A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Engineering Science at the University of Oxford

Li, Siqi dkk, (2013). Origami Pattern Tube for Vehicle Crash Box, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Blekinge Institute of Technology,Karlskrona, Sweden. Bachelor of Science Thesis in Mechanical Engineering

DOI: | Abstract views : 171 | PDF views : 0


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Imam Kusyairi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 This work is lincensed under

a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International License


Department of Mechanical Engineering
University of Muhammadiyah Malang
Jl. Tlogomas no. 246 Malang 65144

Mail us:

+62 341 464318
ext. 128