Elisa Ratih, Rosalin Ismayoeng Gusdian


The aims of this study were to identify the processes of word formation in English new words and to know which word formation processes were the most productive one(s). The researcher used qualitative research design in order to obtain the data from the document of OED online. OED online is the online dictionary which consists of list of English new words. Therefore, the research object was the lists of English new words from year 2012-2016. Document analysis was used as the instrument to collect the data. The data were presented in the form of table. The findings of this study showed that there are some processes in creating English new words, such as a) affixation, b) folk etymology, c) compounding, d) abbreviation, e) acronyms, f) borrowing, g) blending, h) clipping, i) back-formation. Besides, there are also found the double word formation processes, such as j) folk etymology + compounding, k) compounding + affixation, m) blending + affixation, n) clipping + blending. The result showed that the most productive process of creating English new words was affixation.                                      



Word formation, process, English new words, OED online

Full Text:




A.E. Bizhkenova, S. (2017). Neologisms in Present-Day German: Investigation Into. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Science, 982-996.

Admin. (2012, April). Blending. Retrieved February 25, 2018, from British Council BBC: https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/blending

Alwasilah, A. C. (2011). Beberapa Mazhab dan Dikotomi Teori Linguistik. Bandung: Angkasa.

Astalin, D. P. (2013). Qualitative Research Designs: A Conceptual Framework. International Journal of Social Science & Interdisciplinary Research, 119.

Bauer, L. (2006). Word Formation. Encyclopedia of Language&Linguistics (Second Edition), 632-633.

Chaer, D. A. (2003). Linguistik Umum. Jakarta: PT Asdi Mahasatya.

Christos Pliatsikas, Linda Wheeldon, Aditi Lahiri, Peter C. Hansen. (2014). Processing of zero-derived words in English: An fMRI investiogation. Neuropsychologia, 47-53.

Dictionaries, O. (2012, April 26). Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved January 13, 2018, from © 2018 Oxford University Press: https://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2012/04/26/a-short-history-of-oxford-dictionaries/

Dictionaries, O. (n.d.). Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved January 13, 2018, from © 2018 Oxford University Press: https://www.oxforddictionaries.com/our-story/history

Harley, H. (2006). English Words: a Linguistic Introduction. 7th ed. Oxford: Blackwell.

Mark Aronoff, K. F. (2011). What is Morphology? 2nd Edition. UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Merriam-Webster. (2018, February 5). Dictionary. Retrieved February 16, 2018, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dictionary

Meyer, C. F. (2009). Introducing English Linguistics. United States of America: Cambridge University Press.

Micahel Quinn Patton, Michael Cochran. (2002). A Guide to Using Qualitative Research Methodology.

Monitor, G. L. (2017, November 12). Global Language Monitor. Retrieved February 2, 2018, from Number of Words in the English Language: https://www.languagemonitor.com/global-english/number-of-words-in-the-english-language-1041257-5/

Montero-Fleta, B. (2011). Suffixes in word-formation. LSP Journal , 4-14.

Mustafa, Kandasamy, Yasin. (2015). An Analysis of Word Formation Process in Everyday Communication on Facebook. International Journal of Education and Research, 261-274.

Nishimoto, E. (2004). Defining New Words in Corpus Data: Productivity of English Suffixes in the British National Corpus.

Pateda, D. M. (2015). Linguistik Sebuah Pengantar. Bandung: CV Angkasa.

Pius Ten Hacken, Andrea Abel, Judith Knapp. (2006). Word Formation in an Electronic Learner's Dictionary: ELDIT. International Journal of Lexicography, Volume 19, Issue 3, 243-256.

Pius Ten Hacken, Claire Thomas. (2013). The Semantics of Word Formation and Lexicalization. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Plag, I. (2003). Word-Formation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Saussure, F. D. (2013). Course in General Linguistics. Great Britain: A&C Black.

Sugiyono. (2008). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Wardaugh, R. (2006). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 5th Edition. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Wei Liu, W. L. (2014). Analysis on the Word-formation of English Netspeak Neologism. Journal of Arts & Humanities, 22-30.

Xhina, O. (2013). The Enrichment of the Vocabulary through Word Formation Processes in both English and Albanian Languages. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Stuides , 273-282.

Yule, G. (2010). The Study of Language, 4th ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/celtic.v5i2.7617 | Abstract views : 1345 | PDF views : 1345 |

Copyright (c) 2018 Elisa Ratih, Rosalin Ismayoeng Gusdian

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Celtic's Stats



 Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.