A STUDY ON SPEAKING SKILL ACTIVITIES IN AR-ROHMAH ENGLISH COMMUNITY PROGRAM IN SMA AR-ROHMAH MALANG

Adnin Hayatinnufus


Abstract


Ar-rohmah English Community is an extracurricular program which provides time and creates opportunity to learn English speaking skill. The aims of this study are to describe kinds of speaking activities used in Ar-Rohmah English Community Program in SMA Ar-Rohmah Malang, to find out the problems related to teaching and learning English speaking skill activities in AEC Program and to investigate the solutions for the problems. The use of research design in this study was descriptive qualitative in which the instrument used to get the data were observation, questionnaire and interview. It was presumed as the proper design in order to attain the purpose in overcoming and solving the research problems. This study obtained the data from twenty-four students and two English teachers who were involved in the AEC Program. After analyzing the data, it is found that English teachers use seven speaking activities in Ar-Rohmah English Community Program. Those seven activities are free speaking, card game, watching movie, interview, storytelling, science writing presentation and dialogue activities. Furthermore, the problems found related to teaching and learning English speaking skill are derived from linguistic and non-linguistic factors. From linguistic factors, it is found that the students face the difficulty on mastering vocabulary, choosing appropriate grammar, lacking of pronunciation experience and not habituated with English. Moreover, from non-linguistic factor, they are reluctant to speak in English because they are inhibited, have nothing to say, have low participation and feel ease and safe using mother tongue language. Besides, the teachers face the difficulty such as get tired to handle a large class with only two teachers, confused to choose suitable activity, do not remember students’ names, hard to motivate the students to speak in English and lack of preparation time. In addition, other activity which is Pandu Hidayatullah influences the students’ passion toward AEC Program. Dealing with those problems, the teachers keep creating creative, fun and interesting activity to improve the students’ vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation and familiarized the students with English. By creating regulations, they solve the problems of students’ low motivation to use English hard to push the students using English


Keywords


language program, speaking activity, problems

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexandria, V.A. (2015). Standards for foreign language learning: Preparing for the 21st century. Retrieved from https://assessment.trinity.duke.edu/documents/StandardsforForeignLanguageLearning.pdf

Alonso, R. S. (2013). The importance of teaching listening and speaking skills (Master thesis, Universidad Compultense de Madrid). Retrieved from https://www.ucm.es/data/cont/docs/119-2015-03-17-12.RocioSeguraAlonso2013.pdf

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C., & Razafieh, A. (2010). Introduction to research in education (8th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. (2006). Standar isi: Standar kompetensi dan kompetensi dasar SMA/MA. Retrieved from https://masdwijanto.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/buku-standar-isi-sma.pdf

Bailey, K. M. (2003). Exploring skills: Speaking. In D. Nunan, Practical English language teaching (1st ed.). Singapore: McGraw-Hill

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson

Dilip, Aron. (2011). Difference between drama and play. Retrieved from http://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-drama-and-vs-play/

Exley, B. (2005). Learner characteristics of ‘Asian’ EFL students: Exceptions to the ‘Norm’. In Young, Janelle, Eds. Proceedings pleasure passion provocation. Joint National Conference AATE & ALEA 2005. Gold Coast, Australia.

Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of English language learning (4th ed.). Harlow, England: Pearson Longman.

Hidayanti, D.S. (2007). The problems of learning speaking faced by the first semester students’ of STTAD ‘LEMJINATEK’ Malang (Bachelor thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang). Retrieved from http://digilib.ta.um.ac.id/jiptummpp-gdl-s1-2007-hidayanti-100782&q/

Kayi, H. (2006). Teaching speaking: Activities to promote speaking in a second language. The internet TESL Journal, XII. Retrieved from http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Kayi-TeachingSpeaking.html

Musthafa, B. (2009). English teaching in Indonesia: Status, issues and challenges. Retrieved from http://www.oocities.org/upis3/bm/english-teaching-in-indonesia.htm

Nirawati.(2009). The problems faced by the teachers in teaching speaking for ESP program at Communication Department of UMM (Bachelor thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang). Retrieved from http://digilib.ta.um.ac.id/jiptummpp-gdl-s1-2009-nirawati04-10672&q/

Nurlaeli, Sita. (2011). Improving students’ speaking skill through Card Games (A classroom action research of 8 grade students of SMP Muhammadiyah Surakarta in 2010/2011 academic year). Retrieved from http://eprints.uns.ac.id/6516/1/209491711201104491.pdf

Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional. (2006). Nomor 22 tahun 2006: Standar isi untuk satuan pendidikan dasar dan menengah. Retrieved from http://sdm.data.kemdikbud.go.id/SNP/dokumen/Permendiknas%20No%2022%20Tahun%202006.pdf

Prayitno, M. (2006). The implementation of speaking program as extracurricular activity at SMAN 1 Tulungagung (Bachelor thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang). Retrieved from http://digilib.ta.um.ac.id/jiptummpp-gdl-s1-2006-mujiprayit-7502&q/

Putra, Maulana. (2012). The implementation of English club program in teaching speaking skill (Bachelor thesis, Indonesia University of Education). Retrieved from http://a-research.upi.edu/skripsiview.php?start=3853

Santy, Betsu. (2012). Peningkatan keterampilan berbicara dengan pembelajaran bermain peran pada mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris di SMAN I Gedongtataan Kabupaten Pesawaran (Bachelor thesis, University of Lampung). Retrieved from http://digilib.unila.ac.id/17480/

Sulastri, Euis. (2008). Peningkatan keterampilan berbicara formal dalam Bahasa Indonesia melalui Gelar Wicara: penelitian tindakan di SMAN 115 Jakarta. Jakarta: Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Jakarta.

Suryanto. (2014). Issues in teaching English in a cultural context: A case of Indonesia. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299978420

Ur, P. (1996). A course in language teaching (1st ed). Cambridge United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Virgiyanti, D. F. (2013). A study on English club as an extracurricular program at SMPN 1 Malang. Jurnal Online UM, 3. Retrieved from http://jurnal-online.um.ac.id/data/artikel/artikel93F73AC0B8DDAAC022E49C2A5F457B16.pdf

Xu, Z. (2001). Problems and strategies of teaching English in large classes in the people's Republic of China. In A. Herrmann and M. M. Kulski (Eds), Expanding horizons in teaching and learning. Perth: Curtin University of Technology. Retrieved from http://clt.curtin.edu.au/tlf/tlf2001/xu.html

Yanda, F. (2014). Extracurricular program for student speaking improvement. Nobel Journal, 5. Retrieved from http://nobel.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/nobel/article/view/17/14




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/CELTICUMM.Vol3.No1.30-44 | Abstract views : 49 | PDF views : 17

Copyright (c) 2019 Celtic: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching, Literature & Linguistics.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office

English Education Department

University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Jl. Tlogomas No 246 Malang, JawaTimur, Indonesia

Phone (+62) 341464318 ex: 121

email: celtic@umm.ac.id