PENGARUH POLIFENOL TEH HIJAU TERHADAP PRODUKSI TNF-A (TUMOUR NECROSIS FACTOR-A) PADA KULTUR SEL TROFOBLAS MANUSIA YANG DIPAPAR GLUKOSA TINGGI 33 Mm

Siti Aisah, Sasmito Djati, Husnul Khotimah


Abstract


The purpose of this research was to study the effect of green tea polyphenol to TNF-á production on human trophoblast cell culture exposed by 33 mM glucose. Trophoblast culture isolated from human fetal placental tissue by sectio caessaria. Monolayer trophoblast cells that had been incubated for 3 days at 5% CO2; 37°C were divided into 2 groups: (1) normal glucose (5 mM) and (2) glucose 33 mM exposure, both divided into 2 sub groups: (a) without green tea polyphenol treatment, and (b) green tea polyphenol treatment 0,1; 0,2; and 0;4 mg/ml. Cells incubated for 3 days at 5% CO2; 37°C then analyzed cytotrophoblast cells characteristic. TNF-á level was measured by ELISA and analyzed with oneway ANOVA. Immunocytochemistry showed the number of cells that expressed TNF-á then analyzed descriptively. The results of this study showed that TNF-á level at 0,1; 0,2; and 0,4 mg/ml polyphenol were 2804,333 ñg/mL; 2513,222 ñg/ml; and 2739,889 ñg/ml respectively compared with 2739,889 ñg/mL normal glucose without polyphenol, and 2721,000 ñg/mL; 2612,111 ñg/mL; and 2566,555 ñg/mL compared with 2621,000 ñg/mL glucose 33 mM exposure without polyphenol. Number of cells that expressed TNF-á with 0,1; 0,2; and 0,4 mg/ml polyphenol treatment were 0%; 2%; and 5,5% compared with 0% normal glucose without polyphenol, and 82%; 0%; and 0% compared with 3% glucose 33 mM exposure without polyphenol. Green tea polyphenol exposure for 3 days at 0,1; 0,2; and 0,4 mg/ml didn’t significantly affect the decreasing of TNF-á production.

 

Keywords: GDM, green tea, polyphenol, TNF-á, trophoblast


Keywords


GDM;green tea;polyphenol;TNF-á;trophoblast

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/far.v1i1.425 | Abstract views : 279 | pdf views : 234

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