### Metoda Pengkonstruksian Persegi Ajaib

#### Abstract

A magic square of order

*n*is an*n*by*n*matrix with distinct nonnegative integer with the property that the sum of the numbers in each row, each column and the main and back diagonals is same. This sum is the magic sum. In this paper we will discuss some methods to construct the first*n*^{2}positive integers for magic squares. The first method that will be established is Latin square Decomposition. Some magic squares can be derived directly with this method. Other methods that also will be discussed are trial and error method,*De La Loubére*construction,*Strachey**construction, and product construction. Finally we conclude that for all positif integers**n*,*n*¹ 2, it can be constructed a magic square of order-*n*#### Keywords

magic square; decomposition; orthogonal Latin square; De La Loubére construction; Strachey construction; product construction; umm