Istitsna’ in Surah Al-An’am: Meanings and Its Implication

Zahrotul Muzdalifah


Abstract


This research aimed to describe the type and functions of istitsna’ in Surah al-An’am, the meanings of ‘adawat istitsna’ and the implication for Arabic teaching and learning. The research design is descriptive qualitative. The result of this research, istisna’ phrases in Surah al-An’am based on type and function, those are istitsna’ muttashil which function is li takhsis, istitsna’ munqathi' which function is li istidrak and istisna’ 'mufarragh which function is li hasr. The ‘adawat isttisna' is not always meaningless "except" (kecuali/selain) but it can also mean "only"/"nothing but” (hanya/tidak lain hanyalah) in certain patterns. The implication of this research, there are 14 selections of patterns of istitsna’ that can be implemented in Arabic teaching and learning. For example, the patterns represented in understanding the theories of istitsna’ and the production of sentences by istitsna’ patterns for both of speaking or writing


Keywords


Istitsna’; The Meanings of ‘Adawat Istitsna’; The Pattern of Istitsna’ Phrases

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, Z., & Satrianingsih, A. (2018). Perkembangan dan Masa Depan Bahasa Arab. Diwan : Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Arab, 3(2), 141–154. https://doi.org/10.24252/diwan.v3i2.4459

Adebisi, A. A. & Mukadam, A. (2019). Language Borrowing between Arabic and Yoruba Language. Izdihar : Journal of Arabic Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature, 2(1), 53–66. https://doi.org/10.22219/jiz.v2i1.7386

Adib, K. (2009). Bahasa Arab dalam Khazanah Budaya Nusantara. Malang: Universitas Negeri Malang.

Ainin, M. & Asrori, I. (2014). Semantik Bahasa Arab. Malang: CV Bintang Sejahtera press.

Al-Aqiyli, A. (2017). Syarah Ibn Aqil ‘ala Alfiyah Ibn Malik. Beirut: Dar Al-kutub Al-Islamiyyah.

Al-Ghalayaini, M. (2003). Jami’uddurus Al-Arabiyyah. Beirut. Al-Maktabah Al-‘Ashriyyah Arra’ini, Syamsuddin M. 2005. Ilmu Nahwu: Terjemahan Mutammimah Ajurumiyyah. Terjemahan Moch Anwar dan Anwar Abu Bakar. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algesindo Offset. Tanpa tahun.

Al-Khatib, L. M. (2006). Matan Alfiyah ibn Malik. Kuwait: Maktabah Dar al-Ma’rifah li Nasyr wa Tauzi’.

Amir. (2014). Qasam Dalam Al- Qur ’ an. Lingua, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.18860/ling.v9i1.2554

Andriani, A. (2015). Urgensi Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab dalam Pendidikan Islam. Ta’allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 3(1), 39–56. https://doi.org/10.21274/taalum.2015.3.1.39-56

Asy’ari, H. (2016). Keistimewaan Bahasa Arab Sebagai Bahasa Al-Qur’an. Nidhomul Haq: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 1(1), 21–28. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31538/ndh.v1i1.5

Aziz, A. et all. )2000(. Tahdzib Syarkh Ibn Aqil li Alfiyah Ibnu Malik. Riyadh: Universitas Islam Ibnu Sa’ud.

Bisri, A. M. dan Munawwir, A. W. (1999). Kamus Al-Bisri. Surabaya: Pustaka Progressif.

Budiman, M. (2015). Kecemasan Berbahasa Asing (Bahasa Arab). Lensa: Kajian Kebahasaan, Kesusastraan, dan Budaya (Lensa), 5(2), 109–131. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.26714/lensa.5.2.2015.109-131

Dewi, I. S. (2016). Bahasa Arab dan Urgensinya dalam Memahami Al-Qur’an. Kontemplasi, 04(01), 39–50. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21274/kontem.2016.4.1.

Dihe, B. (2018). Konstruksi Pemikiran Sibawaih dalam Kajian Ilmu Nahwu. Rausyan Fikr, 14(1), 89–111. https://doi.org/10.24239/rsy.v14i1.323

Fajrina, F. (2018). Al-Uslub fii An-Naqad Al-Balaghy. Ijaz Arabi, 1(2), 82–97. https://doi.org/10.18860/ijazarabi.v1i2.5425

Fatoni, A. (2019). Arabic Learning for Academic Purposes. Izdihar:Journal of Arabic Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature, 2(2), 149–164. https://doi.org/10.22219/jiz.v2i2.10096

Fatoni, A. S. (2019). Studi Pemikiran Abu Ali Al-Farisi Tentang Grammatika Arab (Representasi Tokoh Nahwu Madrasah Baghdad). TAMADDUN: Jurnal Kebudayaan Dan Sastra Islam, 19(1), 84–106. https://doi.org/10.19109/tamaddun.v19i1.3402

Fizia, N., et all. (2018). Jurnal dinamika umt. Dinamika UMT, 3(1), 2477–1546. https://doi.org/10.31000/dinamika.v3i1.1091

Guellil, I. et all. (2019). Arabic Natural Language Processing: An Overview. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences, (xxxx). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksuci.2019.02.006

Hadi, N. (2015). Kontribusi al-Qur’an terhadap Perkembangan Bahasa Arab. El-Furqonia, 1(1).Hasnah, Y. (2018). Nahwu dan Tafsir dalam Karya Ulama Klasik. Alfaz, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.32678/alfaz.Vol6.Iss01.1127

Istiqomah, H., & Mahliatussikah, H. (2019). Musykilat al-tarbiyyah tuwajihuha al-thalabah fii ta’allum al-lughah al-arabiyyah li ghairi al-nathiqin biha, 11(2), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.24042/albayan.v11i2.5257

Jauhar, N. I. (2017). Pola Ungkapan dalam dan Contoh Penggunaanya dalam Kalimat. Malang: Lisan Arabi.

Masqon, D. (2018). Daur Al-Lughah Al-Arabiyyah fii ’ashri Al-Aulamah wa Tathbiquha fii Tathawwuril Uluum. Izdihar : Journal of Arabic Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature, 1(1), 25–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.22219/izdihar.v1i1.6562

Munajat, F. (2015). Pembelajaran Nahwu dalam Perspektif fungsional. Arabia, 7(1), 22–45. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/arabia.v7i1.1380

Musthofa, Q. B. (2018). Qawaid An-Nahwi wa Atsaruha fii Ta’liim Al-Lughah fii Indunusia. Izdihar : Journal of Arabic Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature, 1(1), 1–24. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.22219/izdihar.v1i1.6560

Mustofa, M. A. (2018). Interferensi Bahasa Indonesia terhadap Bahasa Arab. An-Nabighoh, 20(02), 141–161. https://doi.org/10.32332/an-nabighoh.v20i02.1275

Nasrudin, M., & Nadia, S. (2016). Uslub Al-Istifhami At-Tarbawi fii Surah Al-Ghasiyah. Alsinatuna, 2(1), 100–112. https://doi.org/10.28918/alsinatuna.v2i1.830

Nugroho, P. (2016). Dikotomi Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab : Antara Knowledge dan Performance. Arabia, 8(1), 119–141. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/arabia.v8i1.1948

Omari, F. M. A. (2015). Teaching Syntax for Non-Arabic Speakers. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 185, 388–391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.03.436

Pancarani, A. (2016). Bahasa Amiyah Mesir (Sejarah, Kaidah, dan Perbedaanya dengan Bahasa Arab Klasik). Al-Azhar Indonesia Seri Humaniora, 3(3), 203–214. https://doi.org/10.36722/sh.v3i3.208

Raihan. (2018). Istitsna’ dalam Q.S. An-Nisa’ (Pendekatan Ilmu Nahwu). Diwan, 4(2), 139–157. https://doi.org/10.24252/diwan.v4i2.6198

Rusdi. (2015). Filsafat Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab dan Realitas Sosial Perspetif Al-quran. Potensia, 14(1), 19–50. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/potensia.v1i1.1240

Salim, A. G. (2015). Peran Kitab Suci Al-Qur’an dalam Menjaga Eksistensi Bahasa Arab. Okara, 9(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.19105/ojbs.v9i1.577

Sehri, A. (2010). Metode Pengajaran Nahwu Dalam Pengajaran Bahasa Arab. HUNAFA: Jurnal Studia Islamika, 7(1), 47. https://doi.org/10.24239/jsi.v7i1.108.47-60

Supianudin, A. (2016). Implikasi Makna Gramatikal “Kana” Dalam Al-Quran Terhadap Terjemahannya. Al-Tsaqafa: Jurnal Ilmiah Peradaban Islam, 16(1), 47–60. https://doi.org/10.15575/al-tsaqafa.v13i01.1830

Suryadarma, Y., & Abdillah, F. M. (2018). Dirasah Tahliliyyah-Washfiyyah “an Al-Asma” Al-Musytaqqah fii Surah At-Thariq. Izdihar : Journal of Arabic Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature, 1(2), 181–194. http://dx.doi.org/10.22219/izdihar.v1i2.7299

Syukran. (2018). Teori Budaya dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab bagi Masyarakat Aceh. An-Nabighoh, 20(02), 162–177. https://doi.org/10.32332/an-nabighoh.v20i02.1276

Widiawati. (2010). Analisis Fungsi dan Ahwal Istitsna’ dalam Alquran juz 1 serta Implikasinya bagi Pengajaran Nahwu. Skripsi tidak diterbitkan. Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Ya’kub, U. B. (1989). Mausu'ah Fi Nahwi wa Sharfi wa al-'Irabi. Beirut: Dar Malayin.

Primary Data Sources

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 7)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 14)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 17)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 23)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 26)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 32)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 40)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 46)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 47)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 59)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 62)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 116)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 119)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 138)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 144)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 146)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 152)

Q.S. Al-An’am ([3]: 158)




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/jiz.v2i3.10112 | Abstract views : 355 | PDF views : 94 |

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.