PELATIHAN KEBERSYUKURAN UNTUK MENURUNKAN STRES KERJA GURU DI SEKOLAH INKLUSI

Prapti Leguminosa, Fuad Nashori, Mira Aliza Rachmawati

Abstract


Penelitian ini menguji pengaruh pelatihan kebersyukuran dalam menurunkan stres kerja guru di sekolah inklusi. Hipotesis dalam penelitian ini adalah tingkat stres kerja kelompok yang diberi perlakuan pelatihan kebersyukuran lebih rendah daripada kelompok yang tidak diberi perlakuan pelatihan kebersyukuran. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan untreated control group design with dependent prates and postetst dengan menambahkan tindak lanjut. Responden penelitian sebanyak 14 orang yang terbagi ke dalam 7 orang kelompok eksperimen dan 7 orang kelompok kontrol. Penelitian ini menggunakan alat ukur stres kerja guru dengan koefisien reabilitas sebesar 0,873. Modul pelatihan kebersyukuran disusunberdasarkan tiga aspek kebersyukuran (Al-Munajjid, 2006; Al-Jauziyyah, 2010), yakni niat (hati), ucapan (lisan), dan perbuatan (anggota badan). Data dianalisis menggunakan Anava Mixed Design untuk melihat perbedaan skor dalam kelompok (prates, pascates, dan tindak lanjut) serta perbedaan skor antar kelompok (eksperimen dan kontrol). Hasil analisis data menunjukkan adanya perbedaan skor yang signifikan pada prates, pascates, dan tindak lanjut antar kedua kelompok. Hal tersebut ditunjukkan dengan skor F = 7,393 dan p = 0,003 (p<0,05). Selain itu, terdapat penurunan tingkatstres kerja pada kelompok eskperimen secara signifikan (MD = 13,857 dan p = 0,012), sementara pada kelompok kontrol terjadi peningkatan stres kerja (MD = -6,571 dan p = 0,189). Artinya, kelompok eksperimen mengalami penurunan tingkat stres kerjasetelah diberi pelatihan kebersyukuran sementara kelompok kontrol yang tidak diberi pelatihan kebersyukuran mengalami peningkatan stres kerja. Selanjutnya, skor partial Eta Squared = 0,561 yang berarti bahwa pelatihan kebersyukuran memberikan kontribusi sebesar 56,1 % terhadap penurunan stres kerja guru.

Kata kunci: Stres Kerja Guru, Pelatihan Kebersyukuran, Sekolah Inklusi

 

This study examines the effect of gratitude training in reducing teachers work stress in inclusive schools. The hypothesis of this study is the group that given gratitude training has lower work stress than the group that did not receive gratitude training. This study was an experimental research that used the untreated control group design with dependent pretest and postetst added by follow-up. Participants of this study were 14 participants that divided into 2 groups (experimental group and control group). There are 7 participants in each group. This study used teacher stress inventory developed by Fimian (1988) that were modified by researchers with coefficient of reliability at 0,873. Gratitude training manuals were developed based on three aspects of gratitude according to Al-Munajjid, (2006) and Al-Jawziyyah (2010). Those three aspects are intention (liver), speech (verbal), and behavior (physically). The data were analyzed using Mixed Design Anova to determine the differences of pretest, pascates, and follow-up’s score, and the different between experimental and controlled group’s score. The results showed a significant difference in work stress score at pretest, posttest, and follow-up between the experimental and controlled group (F = 7.393, p = 0.003 (p <0.05)). In addition, there was significant changes in work stress at experimental group (MD = 13.857 and p = 0.012), whereas in the control group there was no significant change (MD = -6.571 and p = 0.189). Those findings indicate that there was reduction in the level of work stress in the experimental group. Whereas the increase of work stress showed in the controlled group. Furthermore, a score partial Eta Squared = 0.561 indicates that the gratitude training contributed 56.1% to the reduction of teacher work stress.

Keywords: teachers work stress, gratitude training, inclusive school


Keywords


teachers work stress, gratitude training, inclusive school

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/jipt.v5i2.4563

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