The biological content accuracy of natural science textbooks for VIII grade

Puspa Mega Candra, Ixora Sartika Mercuriani, Endik Deni Nugroho, V. Vlorensius


The properness of concepts, principles, and biological contents of natural science textbooks is essential. The aim of this research was to compare the biology content of  natural science textbooks for VIII graders in second semester. The indicators used to determine the properness were the accuracy of Core Competence/CC and Basic Competence/BC, concept, principle, illustration, and word editing. The textbooks analyzed were those which published by Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture (government) and private publisher. The sample of this qualitative descriptive research was three natural science textbooks which applied Curriculum 2013. The research procedure referred to Milies and Huberman. The results showed that the properness percentages of CC and BC of science textbook published by governmental and private publisher were 86.25% (excellent) and 74.28% (good) respectively. There were inaccuracy of 11 concepts, 1 principle, and 5 illustrations found in the textbooks published by governmental. Furthermore, there were 5 inaccurate concepts found in the textbook published by private publisher. Moreover, there were 37 typographical errors found in the Natural Science Textbooks published by government  and none found in the book published by private publisher. Therefore, the textbooks published by private publisher is better than those which by govermental publisher.


biological content accuracy; govermental publisher; private publisher; natural science textbook

Full Text:



Ariantini, N. P., Suandi, I. N., & Sutama, I. M. (2014). Implementasi pengintegrasian sikap spiritual dan sosial dalam pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia berbasis Kurikulum 2013 di kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Singaraja. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia, 3(1). Retrieved from

Arifah, K. F., & Santosa, R. (2018). Content analysis of competences and scientific approach in english textbook. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(3), 219–233. doi:

Behnke, Y. (2018). Textbook effects and efficacy. In The palgrave handbook of textbook studies (pp. 383–398). doi:

Boholano, H. B. (2017). Smart social networking: 21st century teaching and learning skills. Research in Pedagogy, 7(1), 21–29. doi:

Boone, M., Fite, K., & Reardon, R. F. (2010). The spiritual dispositions of emerging teachers: A preliminary study. Journal of Thought, 45(3–4), 43–58. Retrieved from

Branden, K. Van Den. (2015). Sustainable education: Exploiting students’ energy for learning as a renewable resource. Sustainability, 7(5), 5471–5487. doi:

Cebri, G., Junyent, M., & Mul, I. (2020). Competencies in education for sustainable development: Emerging teaching and research developments. Sustainability, 12(2), 1–9. Doi:

Chaisri, A., & Thathong, K. (2014). The nature of ccience represented in Thai biology textbooks under the topic of evolution. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 621–626. doi:

Chavan, R., & Patankar, P. (2018). Perception of biological concepts among higher secondary teacher: A study. Aarhat Multidisciplinary International Education Research Journal, 7(23), 144–153. Retrieved from

Darling-Hammond, L., Flook, L., Cook-Harvey, C., Barron, B., & Osher, D. (2019). Implications for educational practice of the science of learning and development. Applied Developmental Science, 0(0), 1–44. doi:

Dunlosky, J., Rawson, K. A., Marsh, E. J., Nathan, M. J., & Willingham, D. T. (2013). Improving students’ learning with effective learning techniques: Promising directions from cognitive and educational psychology. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 14(1), 4–58. doi:

Fry, S. W., & Villagomez, A. (2014). Writing to learn: Benefits and limitations. College Teaching, 60(4), 37–41. doi:

Ghoni, Djunaedi & Fauzan, A. (2013). Metode penelitian kualitatif. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media. Retrieved from +Yogyakarta%3A+Ar-Ruzz+Media.&btnG=.

Gu, X., Wu, B., & Xu, X. (2015). Design, development, and learning in e-textbooks: What we learned and where we are going. Journal of Computers in Education, 2(1), 25–41. Doi:

Halim, A. S., Finkenstaedt-quinn, S. A., Olsen, L. J., Gere, A. R., & Shultz, G. V. (2018). Identifying and remediating student misconceptions in introductory biology via writing-to-learn assignments and peer review. CBE Life Sciences Education, 17(2), 1–12. doi:

Hilton, J. (2016). Open educational resources and college textbook choices: a review of research on efficacy and perceptions. Educational Technology Research and Development, 64, 573–590. doi:

Jazadi, I. (2015). Character-based curriculum and textbook development in Indonesia : A critical review. Sosio Hmanika: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, 8(2), 313–330. Retrieved from

Juwita, T., Ilmiyati, N., & Maladona, A. (2017). Anilisis kelayakan buku siswa IPA kurikulum 2013 pada materi sistem pencernaan kelas VIII untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran ditinjau dari relevansi isi, ketepatan dan kompleksitas. Jurnal Bio Educatio, 2(1), 63–70. Retrieved from

Khalil, M. K., & Elkhider, I. A. (2016). Applying learning theories and instructional design models for effective instruction. Advances in Physiology Education, 40(2), 147–156. doi:

Kivunja, C. (2018). Distinguishing between theory, theoretical framework, and conceptual framework: A systematic review of lessons from the field. International Journal of Higher Education, 7(6), 44–53. doi:

Leonard, M. J., Kalinowski, S. T., & Andrews, T. C. (2014). Misconceptions yesterday, today, and tomorrow. CBE Life Sciences Education, 13(2), 179–186. doi:

Listyawati, M. (2012). Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran IPA terpadu di SMP. Journal of Innovative Science Education, 1(1), 61–69. Retrieved from

Mariani, D., & Usmeldi. (2019). Needs analysis in the development of natural science student books connected type integrated of local cultural wisdom. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series. doi:

Medriati, R., Irawati, S., & Ekaputri, R. Z. (2018). Mapping the standard competencies, basic competencies, and the indicators (SKKDI) of natural science course of middle school students in curriculum 2013. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (pp. 1–6). doi:

Morales, R., & Baker, A. (2018). Secondary students’ perceptions of open science textbooks. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 1, 1–9. Doi:

Muslich, M. (2010). Text book writing: Dasar-dasar pemahaman, penulisan, dan pemakaian buku teks. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media. Retrieved from t=0%2C5&q=M+Muslich+-+Jogjakarta%3A+Ar-Ruzz+Media%2C+2010&btnG=.

Natalia, D. E., Asib, A., & Kristina, D. (2018). The application of authentic assessment for students writing skill. Journal of Education and Human Development, 7(2), 49–53. Doi:

Nugroho, E. D., Vlorensius, V., Rasidah H., L., & Anisa, N. (2017). The content analysis, material presentation, and readability of curriculum 2013 science textbook for 1st semester of junior high school 7th grade. JPBI (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia), 3(2), 114-122. doi:

Okeeffe, L. (2013). A framework for textbook analysis. International Review of Contemporary Learning Research, 2(1), 1–13. doi:

Queloz, A. C., Klymkowsky, M. W., Stern, E., & Hafen, E. (2017). Diagnostic of students’ misconceptions using the Biological Concepts Instrument (BCI): A method for conducting an educational needs assessment. Plos ONE, 12(5), 1–18. doi:

Rahmiwati, S., Ratnawulan, R., & Yohandri, Y. (2018). The implementation of integrated natural science textbook of junior high school be charged on character-based shared models to Improve the competence of learners’ knowledge. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (pp. 1–7). doi:

Ramnarain, U. D., & Chanetsa, T. (2016). An analysis of South African grade 9 natural sciences textbooks for their representation of nature of science. International Journal of Science Education, 38(6), 1–12. doi:

Reynolds, J. A., Thaiss, C., Katkin, W., & Thompson, R. J. (2012). Writing-to-learn in undergraduate science education: A community-based, conceptually driven approach. CBE Life Sciences Education, 11(1), 17–25. doi:

Risma, M., Rahmayani, R., & Handayani, F. (2019). Analisis konten buku teks IPA terpadu kelas VIII semester 1 ditinjau dari aspek literasi saintifik. Jurnal Eksakta Pendidikan, 3(2), 200–208. doi:

Ruhiat, Y., Hidayat, S., Suparno, Hasani, A., & Wibowo, F. C. (2016). Teaching materials development based on basic competence through diffusion adaptation strategy to improve learning process of physics. PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences, 2(1), 137–149. doi:

Rusilowati, A., Nugroho, S. E., & Susilowati, S. M. E. (2016). Development of science textbook based on scinetific literacy for scondary school. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 12(2), 98–105. doi:

Seifert, T., & Feliks, O. (2018). Online self-assessment and peer-assessment as a tool to enhance student-teachers’ assessment skills. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 44(2), 1–17. doi:

Sidek, H. M. (2012). EFL textbook analysis: A case study. Language and Literacy, 14(3), 27–45. doi:

Sugiyono, T. (2014). Metode penelitian kuantitatif, kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta. Retrieved from

Syawaludin, A., & Marmoah, S. (2018). Reward and punishment in the perspective of behaviorism learning theory and its implementation in elementary school. In Social, Humanities, and Educational Studies (SHEs): Conference Series (Vol. 1, pp. 18–23). doi:

Syihabuddin. (2017). Spiritual pedagogy: An analysis of the foundation of values in the perspective of best performing teacher. International Journal of Education, 10(1), 27–33. doi:

Tania, L., & Fadiawati, N. (2015). Development of interactive e-book based chemistry representations referred to the curriculum of 2013. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 4(2), 164–169. Retrieved from

Vojíř, K., & Rusek, M. (2019). Science education textbook research trends: A systematic literature review. International Journal of Science Education, 41(11), 1496–1516. doi:

Wernecke, U., Schwanewedel, J., & Harms, U. (2018). Metaphors describing energy transfer through ecosystems: Helpful or misleading? Science Education, 102(1), 178–194. doi:

Widiyatmoko, A. (2016). Preparation model of student teacher candidate in developing integrative science learning. Journal of Education and Human Development, 5(2), 169–177.

Yusmium, I. (2015). Analisis buku teks mata pelajaran ilmu pengetahuan alam SMP / MTs Kurikulum 2013, 1–95. Retrieved from

DOI: | Abstract views : 118 | PDF views : 0 |


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Candra et al

License URL:

View JPBI Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.