Types of speech acts and principles of mother’s politeness in mother and child conversation

Silpia Rahayu


In this study, the types of speech acts and the principles used by a mother named Fika in a conversation with her child, Nio, is investigated. The purpose of this study is to find the types and functions of a mother's speech acts when performing a communication with her child, and determine the function of the speech acts. This study employed descriptive qualitative method. The data were collected with Uninvolved Conversation Observation Technique, recording, and noting. The data obtained from the speech were in Sundanese. To analyze the data, this study used identification methods that were adapted to the theoretical foundation. The data analysis was performed using pragmatic data analysis, namely language analysis based on the pragmatic point of view. This analysis was employed to show the intention of the speaker which was expressed either explicitly or implicitly in her speech. The findings find that the dominant type of speech acts used by the mother in the conversation is assertive and the main principle is favor principle. The finding is consistent with the role of a mother as the main influencer in any child development.


Mother and child communication, Pragmatics, Speech acts

Full Text:



Abolfathiasl, H., & Abdullah, A. N. (2013). Pragmatic strategies and linguistic structures in making ‘suggestions’: Towards comprehensive taxonomies. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 2(6), 236-241. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.2n.6p.236

Angginie, V. A. (2019). Analysis about politeness in "Barbie as a princess and pauper movie". Professional Journal of English Education, 2(3), 310-318. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22460/project.v2i3.p310-318

Apsari, Lisdawati, I., & Mulyani, E. R. (2019). The implementation of project based learning in coursebook evaluation classroom. Jurnal Ilmiah P2M STKIP Siliwangi, 6(2), 187-195. doi: https://doi.org/10.22460/p2m.v6i2p%25p.1446

Arifin, J., & Agustina, L. (2017). Bentuk tindak tutur persuasi perawat dan pasien di Puskesmas Banua Lawas Kabupaten Tabalong. Stilistika, 2(2), 250-261. doi: https://doi.org/10.33654/sti.v2i2.402

Aziz, E. A. (2001). Aspek-aspek budaya yang terlupakan dalam praktek pengajaran bahasa asing. Paper presented at the KIPBIPA IV, Denpasar.

Bosco, F. M., Angeleri, R., Colle, L., Sacco, K., & Bara, B. G. (2013). Communicative abilities in children: An assessment through different phenomena and expressive means. Journal of child language, 40(4), 741-778. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000913000081

Brown, P., Levinson, S. C., & Levinson, S. C. (1987). Politeness: Some universals in language sage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Handbook of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dossena, M. (2012). I write you these few lines: Metacommunication and pragmatics in nineteenth-century Scottish emigrants’ letters. In U. d. Hübler (Ed.), Investigations into the meta-communicative lexicon of english: A contribution to historical pragmatics. Amsterdam dan Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Co.

Febtrina, R. (2019). A pragmatics analysis of politeness strategies and cooperation principles in beauty and the beast movie. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME), 9(3), 6-11. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/96dd/7f841fd894e2b7631543df1f9b3a1b66e929.pdf

Goodwin, M. H., & Cekaite, A. (2013). Calibration in directive/response sequences in family interaction. Journal of Pragmatics, 46(1), 122-138. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.07.008

Hasibuan, N. H. (2005). Perangkat tindak tutur dan. siasat kesantunan berbahasa (data bahasa Mandailing). Jurnal Ilmiah Fakultas. Bahasa dan Seni Universitas Sumatera Utama, 5(2), 45-53. Retrieved from http://repository.usu.ac.id/bitstream/handle/123456789/21254/log-okt2005-1%20%283%29.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Kampf, Z. (2013). Blum-kulka, shoshana. In C. A. Chapelle (Ed.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics. Blackwell: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Leech, G. N. (2016). Principles of pragmatics. New York: Longman.

Mahmud, M. (2019). The use of politeness strategies in the classroom context by English university students. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 8(3), 597-606. doi: https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v8i3.15258

Mansoor, I. K. (2018). Politeness: Linguistic study. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities, 8(4), 167-179. Retrieved from http://www.ijrssh.com/images/short_pdf/1538681625_11_Iman_Kareem_Mansoor.pdf

Mills, S. (2011). Discursive approaches to politeness and impoliteness. In L. P. R. Group (Ed.), Discursive approaches to politeness. Berlin dan Boston: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG.

Nuraeni, W., & Wibowo, N. A. (2018). Analyzing face threatening act in whatsapp group. PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 1(4), 366-373. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22460/project.v1i4.p366-373

Siddiqui, A. (2018). The principle features of English pragmatics in applied linguistics. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 9(2), 77-80. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.alls.v.9n.2p.77

Siregar, H. U. (2003). Pemerolehan tindak tutur yang berhubungan dengan kesantunan: Kasus pemerolehan bahasa Jepang sebagai bahasa asing di Indonesia. In Soekamto (Ed.), Cakrawala Baru. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Tanto, T. (2018). Request strategies in Indonesian: An analysis of politeness phenomena in text messages. Journal of Language and Literature, 18(2), 137-145. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.24071/joll.v18i2.1569

Terkourafi, M. (2011). Why direct speech is not a natural default: Rejoinder to Steven Pinker's “Indirect speech, politeness, deniability, and relationship negotiation”. Journal of Pragmatics, 43(11), 2869-2871. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2011.05.006

Vaughan, E., & Clancy, B. (2013). Small Corpora and Pragmatics. In J. Romero-Trillo (Ed.), Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics 2013. Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, and London: Springer.

Zifana, M. (2013). Resensi buku. Linguistik Indonesia, 31(2), 207-208.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/kembara.v6i1.11695 | Abstract views : 196 | PDF views : 196 |

Copyright (c) 2020 Silpia Rahayu

View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.