Physical Activity and the Quality of Life of Elderly Patients with Hypertension

Sri Jumaiyah, Kurnia Rachmawati, Hasby Pri Choiruna


Abstract


Introduction: Hypertension is a degenerative disease that causes changes in the elderly so it will affect the quality of life of the elderly. One effort to improve the health status and quality of life of the elderly is maintaining health conditions with activities. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of physical activity and the quality of life of elderly patients with hypertension in the working area of the Hambawang Beach Health Center. Method: This study used correlation with the cross sectional design approach. Respondents numbered 56 elderly taken in total sampling. The research instruments were PASE questionnaire and WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Data analysis used chi square test. Results:There was a relationship of physical activity with the quality of life of elderly people with hypertension (p = 0,000). Odds Ratio value of 49,5 means that elderly who have less physical activity are 49,5 times more likely to have a poor quality of life of the elderly compared to good physical activity of the elderly. Discussion: Good physical activity can improve the quality of life of the elderly. It was recommended to the elderly to do physical activities such as walking and doing sports.


Keywords


Aktivitas fisik; Hipertensi; Kualitas hidup; Lansia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azmi, N., Karim, D., & Nauli, F. A. (2018). Gambaran Kualitas Hidup Lansia Dengan Hipertensi Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sidomulyo Kecamatan Tampan Pekanbaru. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Keperawatan.

Chiquita, D. . (2017). Aktivitas fisik, status kesehatan, dukungan sosial, dan kualitas hidup lansia laki-laki dan perempuan. Bogor: Departemen Ilmu Keluarga Dan Konsumen Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Dewi, S. K. (2018). Level Aktivitas Fisik dan Kualitas Hidup Warga Lanjut Usia. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.30597/mkmi.v14i3.4604

Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Tengah. (2018). Profil kesehatan Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Tengah. Barabai: Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Tengah.

Fitriana, L. N. (2019). Hubungan aktivitas fisik (physical activity) dengan tingkat kesepian pada lanjut usia di Karang Lansia Bahagia Banjarmasin. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.

Hayulita, S., Bahasa, A. & Sari, A. N. (2018). Faktor dominan yang berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup lansia. 5(2), 42–46.

Hidayat, A. (2017). Hubungan aktivitas fisik dengan kualitas hidup lansia di Posyandu Desa Selokerto Kecamatan Sempor Kabupaten Kebumen. Program Studi S1 Keperawatan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Muhammadiyah Gombong. Retrieved from http://elib.stikesmuhgombong.ac.id

Hutapea, R. (2005). Sehat dan ceria di usia senja. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

Kemenkes RI. (2018). Hasil Utama Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. https://doi.org/1 Desember 2013

Kundari, D. (2013). Hubungan antara aktivitas fisik dengan kualitas hidup pada lansia di Dusun Seyegan Desa Margokaton Kecamatan Seyegan Kabupaten Sleman (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Jenderal Achmad Yani). Retrieved from http://repository.unjaya.ac.id

Kusumaratna, R. K. (2008). Impact of physical activity on quality of life in the elderly. Universa Medica, 27(2), 57–64.

Laili, F. N., & Hatmanti, N. M. (2018). Aktivitas Fisik Dengan Kualitas Tidur Lansia Di Posyandu Lansia Wulan Erma Menanggal Surabaya. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan (Scientific Journal of Nursing). https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v4i1.129

Lopez, S. J & Snyder, C. R. (2004). Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures. In Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures. https://doi.org/10.1037/10612-000

M, A. R., & Erwanti, E. (2018). Hubungan Status Gizi Dan Aktivitas Fisik Dengan Kualitas Hidup Lansia Di Desa Tlogosari Pati Tahun 2017. Prosiding University Research Colloquium.

Mass, M., Buckwalter, K., Hardy, M., Reimer, T., & Titler, M. (2011). Asuhan Keperawatan Geriatric. Jakarta: EGC.

Munawwaroh, A. M. (2017). Hubungan antara aktivitas fisik dengan kualitas hidup pada lansia penderita hipertensi di Kelurahan Joyosuran Kecamatan Pasar Kliwon Surakarta. Retrieved from http://eprints.ums.ac.id

Nugroho. (2008). Keperawatan gerontik dan geriatrik edisi 2. Jakarta: EGC.

Nur Rohmah, A. I. (2012). Kualitas Hidup Lanjut Usia. Jurnal Keperawatan.

Perry, P. &. (2005). Buku Ajar Fundamental Keperawatan Konsep, Proses, dan Praktik. Edisi 4 volume 1 (edisi 4 vo). Jakarta: EGC.

Price, S. A & Wilson, L. M. (2006). Patofisiologi : konsep klinis proses-proses penyakit, Edisi 6, Volume 1. Jakarta: EGC.

Rapley, M. (2003). Quality of life research. New Delhi: Sage Publication.

Soegih, Rachmad, & Kunkun, K. W. (2009). Obesitas: permasalahan dan terapi praktis. Jakarta: CV Sagung Seto.

Supratman., Kido, T., Tsukasaki, K., et al. (2014). Physical activity and quality of life among community-dwelling older people in indonesia: An intervention study. Journal of the Tsuruma Health Science Society Kanazawa University, 38(1), 57–66.

Sutikno, E. (2011). Hubungan Fungsi Keluarga dengan Kualitas Hidup Lansia di Kelurahan Wirobrajan Yogyakarta. Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

Trevisol, D. J., Moreira, L. B., Kerkhoff, A., Fuchs, S. C., & Fuchs, F. D. (2011). Health-related quality of life and hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Journal of Hypertension. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e328340d76f

Wafroh, S., Herawati, H., & Lestari, D. R. (2017). Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Kualitas Hidup Lansia Di Pstw Budi Sejahtera Banjarbaru. Dunia Keperawatan. https://doi.org/10.20527/dk.v4i1.2553

WHO. (2010). Physical activity: in guide community preventive service. Retrieved from http://repository.usu.ac.id

Winahyu, K. M., Wahyuniati, S., & Sekarsari, R. (2017). Hubungan antara Persepsi Dukungan Sosial dan Kualitas Hidup Lansia dengan Hipertensi di Kota Tangerang. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Indonesia.

Xu, X., Rao, Y., Shi, Z., Liu, L., Chen, C., & Zhao, Y. (2016). Hypertension Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Survey among Middle-Aged Adults in Chongqing, China. International Journal of Hypertension. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/7404957

Yuliati, A., Baroya, N., & Ririanty, M. (2014). Perbedaan kualitas hidup lansia yang tinggal di komunitas dengan di pelayanan sosial lanjut usia. Jurnal Pustaka Kesehatan. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/jk.v11i1.10796 | Abstract views : 2028 | PDF views : 2028 |

Copyright (c) 2020 Sri Jumaiyah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

________________________________________________________

JURNAL KEPERAWATAN

ISSN  2086-3071 (print)| 2443-0900 (online)

This journal is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.