PENYEBAB KEMISKINAN RUMAH TANGGA NELAYAN DI WILAYAH TANGKAP LEBIH JAWA TIMUR
Keywords:poverty, multidimensional, overfishing.
Staf Pengajar Jurusan Agrobisnis, Fakultas Pertanian Peternakan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Alamat Korespondensi : Joyo grand Q7 Malang
The aims of this research were to find dominant factors which cause poverty among the
outboard fishermen’s households who lives in the overfishing areas of East Java. The results of this
research reveals that 61.79 percents of fishermen’s households have other sources of income beside
fishing. Fishermen’s households with per capita income under poverty line were 61.79 percents.
There were 15 dominant factors causing poverty in fishermen’s households, consisted of: (1) an
institutional which inflicts a loss, (2) a program which doesn’t take sides with traditional fishermen’s,
(3) philosophy of life which is oriented with the beyond, (4) limit of resources, (5) unsuitable
catching tools, (6) low investment, (7) debt, (8) wasteful habit, (9) limits of catching fish period,
(10) ecosystem damage, (11) occupancy of catching areas, (12) upholding the fragile law, (13) a
competition to make a fishermen more superior than the others, (14) illegal tools/materials, (15)
catching behavior. Poverty that bound fishermen’s households was multidimensional included
structural and cultural poverty. In the programs to eradicate poverty, institutional factor was the
first and main factor to be arranged.
Key words: poverty, multidimensional, overfishing.