HUBUNGAN POLA MAKAN DENGAN TIMBULNYA GASTRITIS PADA PASIEN DI UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG MEDICAL CENTER (UMC)

Rona Sari Mahaji Putri, Hanum Agustin, Wulansari .


Abstract


HUBUNGAN POLA MAKAN DENGAN TIMBULNYA GASTRITIS
PADA PASIEN DI UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG
MEDICAL CENTER (UMC)

Correlation Between Diet With Gastritic Incidence On Patient In Medical Center Of Muhammadiyah Malang

Rona Sari Mahaji Putri1, Hanum Agustin2, Wulansari3

1,2,3)Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Ilmu kesehatan
Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi Malang
Jl. Telaga Warna, Tlogomas, Malang 65144
*)e-mail: putrirona@gmail.com

ABSTRAK

Gastritis merupakan masalah kesehatan di masyarakat. Di Indonesia prevalensi gastritis sebanyak 0,99% dan insiden gastritis sebesar 115/100.000 penduduk. Ketidakseimbangan faktor agresif dan defensif lambung dapat menyebabkan gastritis. Faktor ini dipengaruhi antara lain oleh pola makan, kebiasaan merokok, konsumsi NSAID dan kopi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan pola makan dengan timbulnya gastritis pada pasien di Universitas Muahammdiyah Malang Medical Center (UMC). Metode penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan case control. Subyek penelitian adalah semua pasien gastritis di UMC, dengan menggunakan tehnik total sampling. Instrumen menggunakan recall 2 x 24 jam dan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan uji spearman rank correlation dengan program komputer. Hasil analisis didapatkan p value = 0,009 yang berarti ada hubungan antara pola makan dengan timbulnya gastritis pasien di UMC. Direkomendasikan pada pasien gastritis dan masyarakat agar mengkonsumsi makanan yang bergizi dengan jumlah makanan yang cukup, jenis makanan yang bervariasi serta frekuensi makan yang sedikit tapi sering sesuai dengan kebutuhan tubuh.

Kata kunci: pola makan, gastritis

ABSTRACT

Gastritis is a kind of health problem in society. In Indonesia, the prevalence of gastritis is about 0,99% and the incidence of gastritis is about 115/100.000 people. The unbalance of aggressive factors and ulcer defensive can cause gastritis. This factor is influenced by the eating habit, smoking habit, consuming NSAID and coffee. This study aims to identify the relationship of eating habit with the arising of gastritis. In this research, the population is all of the gastritis patients; the sampling technique used is sampling total which take all of the gastritis patients as samples, whereas it uses recall 2 x 24 hours and questionnaire as the instrument of the research. Then the result of the questionnaire is analyzed by computer program for windows with spearman rank test. The result of spearman rank test, it is founded that value = 0,009 so which states there is a relationship of eating habit with the arising of gastritis. Because of the existence of the relationship between eating habit and the arising of gastritis, it is recommended for the gastritis patient and society to consume healthy food with proportional amount, eat various foods and have a few portions but often of eating accord with bodily needs.

Keywords: eating habit, gastritis


Keywords


eating habit;gastritis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22219/jk.v1i2.406 | Abstract views : 2219 | PDF views : 5023

Copyright (c) 2010 Rona Sari Mahaji Putri, Hanum Agustin, Wulansari .

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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JURNAL KEPERAWATAN

ISSN  2086-3071 (print)| 2443-0900 (online)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.