The Role of Flue Gas Inhibitor on Stabilizing Heptane Flame in Meso Scale Combustor


  • Achmad Fauzan Hery Soegiharto University of Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Ali Mokhtar Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Sudarman Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Satworo Adiwidodo State Polytechnic of Malang



Mesoscale combustor is one of the components that serves to generate heat on a micro power generator. As one of the components of a micro power generator, meso scale combustor serves to supply heat through the combustion process. The stability of the flame in the combustion chamber meso scale combustor is influenced by the temperature of the combustion chamber. One way to maintain a high temperature in the combustion chamber is to insert a flue gas stainless steel mesh resistor.. This research aims to prove the role of flue gas mesh resistors in stabilizing the flame on the meso scale combustor... The heptane liquid fuel flame was successfully stabilized at an equivalence ratio of ɸ 0.81 – 1.29 and a reactant flow velocity of 26.12 – 36.83 cm/s. The higher the rate of reactant flow, the higher the flame temperature until it reaches 502ºC. Combustor with flue gas mesh resistor is 10 mm away has a flammability limit that is not wider than a combustor without flue gas mesh resistor.


Download data is not yet available.


B. Aravind, B. Khandelwal, and S. Kumar, “Experimental investigations on a new high intensity dual microcombustor based thermoelectric micropower generator,” Appl. Energy, vol. 228, no. June, pp. 1173–1181, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.07.022.

B. Aravind, G. K. S. Raghuram, V. R. Kishore, and S. Kumar, “Compact design of planar stepped micro combustor for portable thermoelectric power generation,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 156, no. September 2017, pp. 224–234, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.11.021.

B. Aravind and S. Kumar, “Development of Small-Scale Thermoelectric Power Generators Using Different Micro-combustor Configurations for Standalone Power Applications,” pp. 117–135, 2019, doi: 10.1007/978-981-13-3281-4_8.

S. Bani, J. Pan, A. Tang, Q. Lu, and Y. Zhang, “Micro combustion in a porous media for thermophotovoltaic power generation,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 129, pp. 596–605, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.10.024.

R. Amirante, P. De Palma, E. Distaso, A. M. Pantaleo, and P. Tamburrano, “Thermodynamic analysis of a small scale combined cycle for energy generation from carbon neutral biomass,” Energy Procedia, vol. 129, pp. 891–898, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.213.

V. Giovannoni, R. N. Sharma, and R. R. Raine, “Experimental Investigation of a Small-Scale Combustion Chamber Fuelled with Vegetable Oil,” Combust. Sci. Technol., vol. 00, no. 00, pp. 1–20, 2019, doi: 10.1080/00102202.2019.1565492.

X. Chen, J. Li, M. Feng, and N. Wang, “Effects of external heating on flame stability in a micro porous combustor fuelled with heptane,” Combust. Sci. Technol., vol. 191, no. 2, pp. 311–324, 2019, doi: 10.1080/00102202.2018.1463220.

B. Bazooyar, A. Jomekian, E. Karimi-Sibaki, M. Habibi, and H. Gohari Darabkhani, “The role of heat recirculation and flame stabilization in the formation of NOX in a thermo-photovoltaic micro-combustor step wall,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 44, no. 47, pp. 26012–26027, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.08.061.

Q. Peng, J. E, Z. Zhang, W. Hu, and X. Zhao, “Investigation on the effects of front-cavity on flame location and thermal performance of a cylindrical micro combustor,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 130, pp. 541–551, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.11.016.

A. F. Hery Soegiharto, I. N. G. Wardana, L. Yuliati, and M. Nur Sasongko, “The use of heat circulator for flammability in mesoscale combustor,” Eastern-European J. Enterp. Technol., vol. 2, no. 8 (98), pp. 46–56, 2019, doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2019.155347.

J. Wan, C. Shang, and H. Zhao, “Anchoring mechanisms of methane/air premixed flame in a mesoscale diverging combustor with cylindrical flame holder,” Fuel, vol. 232, no. November, pp. 591–599, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2018.06.027.

K. F. Mustafa, S. Abdullah, M. Z. Abdullah, and K. Sopian, “A review of combustion-driven thermoelectric (TE) and thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power systems,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 71, no. October 2016, pp. 572–584, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.12.085.

A. F. Hery Soegiharto, I. N. G. Wardana, L. Yuliati, and M. Nursasongko, “The Role of Liquid Fuels Channel Configuration on the Combustion inside Cylindrical Mesoscale Combustor,” J. Combust., vol. 2017, 2017, doi: 10.1155/2017/3679679.

Q. Peng et al., “Experimental and numerical investigation of a micro-thermophotovoltaic system with different backward-facing steps and wall thicknesses,” Energy, pp. 540–547, 2019, doi: 10.1016/

W. H. Kim and T. S. Park, “Flame characteristics depending on recirculating flows in a non-premixed micro combustor with varying baffles,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 148, no. April 2018, pp. 591–608, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.11.075.

J. Li, S. K. Chou, G. Huang, W. M. Yang, and Z. W. Li, “Study on premixed combustion in cylindrical micro combustors: Transient flame behavior and wall heat flux,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 764–773, 2009, doi: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2009.01.012.

M. Mikami, Y. Maeda, K. Matsui, T. Seo, and L. Yuliati, “Combustion of gaseous and liquid fuels in meso-scale tubes with wire mesh,” Proc. Combust. Inst., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 3387–3394, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.proci.2012.05.064.

A. F. Hery Soegiharto, I. N. G. Wardana, L. Yuliati, and M. Nursasongko, “The Role of Liquid Fuels Channel Configuration on the Combustion inside Cylindrical Mesoscale Combustor,” J. Combust., vol. 2017, 2017, doi: 10.1155/2017/3679679.

M. Rasyid and A. F. H. S, “Pembakaran Heksana di dalam Meso-Scale Combustor menggunakan Ruang Penguap , Ruas Pemisah Stainless Steel dan Flame Holder,” vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2016.

S. Adiwidodo, I. N. G. Wardana, L. Yuliati, and M. N. Sasongko, “Performance of cylindrical and planar meso-scale combustor with double narrow slit flame holder for micropower generator,” Eastern-European J. Enterp. Technol., vol. 2, no. 8–104, pp. 35–43, 2020, doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2020.198570.

F. A. Munir, N. Hatakeda, T. Seo, and M. Mikami, “Improvement of Combustion Stability in Narrow Tubes With Wire Mesh,” 24th Int. Symp. Transp. Phenom. 1-5 Novemb. 2013, Yamaguchi, Japan Improv., no. November, 2013.

J. Wan, A. Fan, and H. Yao, “Effect of the length of a plate flame holder on flame blowout limit in a micro-combustor with preheating channels,” Combust. Flame, vol. 170, pp. 53–62, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2016.05.015.




How to Cite

Hery Soegiharto, A. F., Mokhtar, A., Sudarman, & Adiwidodo, S. (2021). The Role of Flue Gas Inhibitor on Stabilizing Heptane Flame in Meso Scale Combustor. Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material, and Manufacturing Engineering, 6(2), 111–118.