Author Guidelines

Journal of Forest Science Avicennia only publishes articles have not been published and not in the process to publish in other scientific periodicals. The publication in JFSA of articles already printed in other journals is entirely the responsibility of the author(s).


Journal of Forest Science Avicennia accepts research papers, short communications, and reviews written in either Bahasa Indonesia or English. Authors should refer to the instructions below when preparing their manuscripts.

Research papers should be concise, focused on new results and data. It should be no longer than about 20 printed pages. They should contain 10 - 30 references (approx.). Short Communications should be short reports of original studies of limited scope and no longer than about 8 printed pages. Reviews should be overview articles of recent advances in the research of selected topics. The structure of review papers should follow the instructions below, except that there is no need to have “Material and methods”, “Results” and discussion” sections. The length of review papers may vary according to the importance of the material. They should contain more than 20 references (approx.).


Manuscript is submitted to:

Editors of Journal of Forest Science

Departement of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, University

Muhammadiyah Malang

Tlogomas Street 246th, Malang 65144, East Java.

Telp. +62-341-464316, Fax. +62-341-460435 ; E-mail:



  1. Manuscript is written in 10 point Constantia font 1.5 space in A4 paper.
  2. Margins of all four sides are 2.5 cm
  3. Page numbers are located at the right bottom
  4. Total page number is between 5 - 20
  5. Tables and Figures are put together at the end of manuscripts, in separated sheets.


Manuscript is written in the following orders:

  1. Title (20 words maximum): It should be concise, specific and relevant. It is written in Indonesian for manuscript written in Bahasa Indonesia, and title in English for that written in English. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  2. Full name of authors (no abbreviation)
  3. Name, full address of authors’ institution
  4. Name, telp. and fax numbers, and email address for corresponding author
  5. Abstract written in English (300 words maximum) : It should be a single paragraph. It should provide a clear view of the content of the manuscript with a brief description of the main results and conclusions.
  6. Keywords in English (5 words) : It contain of 5 keywords representing the main content of the article. Avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. 
  7. Introduction : It should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is important. It should define the purpose of the work and its significance. The current state of the research field should be reviewed carefully and key publications should be cited. It should be written in a way that is accessible to researchers without specialist knowledge in that area. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
  8. Materials and Methods : This section should be divided by subheadings. It should include the design of the study, the type of materials and tools involved, and the type of analysis used. It should be described with sufficient details to allow others to replicate and build on published results. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
  9. Result and Discussion : It may also be broken into subsections with short, informative headings. It should provide a concise and precise description of the experimental results, their interpretation as well as the experimental conclusions that can be drawn. Discussion should explore the significance of the results work to the current conditions or other research result, but not repeating the result.  The findings and their implications should be discussed in the broadest context possible. Future research directions may also be highlighted.
  10. Conclusion : It contains the main points of the article. It should not replicate the abstract, but might elaborate the significant results, possible applications and extensions of the work.
  11. Acknowledgement : This section is not mandatory. If required, state the names of funding bodies and grant numbers in this section. Authors may also wish to acknowledge individuals who have contributed materials, expertise or time to the study who are not named as authors.
  12. References : They should be listed in alphabetic order by author name, and contain mainly primary reference sources (minimum of 10 primary references) as well as the last ten year issues (minimum of 50% of total references).
  13. Figures (in JPEG and Excel format) and Tables with the titles and other explanations. If a table or figure has only a few data points, incorporate the data into the text.


Illustration; can be in the form of figures arranged professionally, manually or digitally. All figures should be in the form of JPEG.

Graph; maximum of 8.5 cm wide made using Microsoft Excel programNumbers and characters for figure explanation written in Constantia font 9 point size.



Numbers and characters in title and explanation written in in Constantia font 9 point size. Abbreviation and any note necessary are written in the below of the table



Authors are advised to supply photograph with good contrast either in coloured or black and white and related to the text, must be titled and given clear remarks in numbered figure.



In-text citations

- Ensure that all references cited in text are listed in Literature Cited and vice versa. The citations follow Conservation Biology format.

- In most cases, enclose citations in text in parentheses :

“ In some trees, grain may spiral in one direction for several years and then reverse direction to spiral oppositely (Shmulsky & Jones 2011).” is better than “According to Shmulsky and Jones (2011), In some trees, grain may spiral.....”

- Use an ampersand (&) between author surnames when the citation is parenthetical: (Kozlowsky & Pallardy 1997).

- When a citation is not parenthetical, use and: “These findings are consistent with the predictions of Mayer and Koch (2007).

- For citations with more than two authors, use et al.: (Marsoem et al. 2015). Do not italicize et al.

- List parenthetical citations chronologically (from oldest to most recent) and separate entries with a semicolon: (Siddique et al. 2012; Alemaheyu et al. 2014).  

- Separate the years with commas when citing multiple papers by the same author: (Widyorini et al. 2015, 2016; Umemura et al. 2014).  


Literature Cited section

- Provide the full names of all journal titles. Do not italicize titles.

- If there are more than 10 authors, use et al. (Singarimbun M, et al.) instead of listing the names of all authors.

- Papers in review and personal communications should not be included in Literature Cited.

- Proceedings and abstracts from conferencesmay be cited only if they have a “publisher” and the location of the publisher (or the organization from which the document may be obtained) can be provided.

- Written with name-year system and arranged alphabetically refer to Conservation Biology format as the examples below:



Apse MP, Aharon GS, Snedden WA, Blumwald E. 1999. Salt tolerance conferred by over-expression of a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiport in Arabidopsis. Science 285:1256-1258.

McMillin WC. 1970. Mineral content of loblolly pine wood as related to specific gravity, growth rate, and distance from pith. Holzforschung 15:1-5.

Online Jurnal

Hurteau MD. 2017. Quantifying the carbon balance of forest restoration and wildfire under projected climate in the fire-prone Southwestern US. PLoS ONE 12(1): e0169275. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169275


Fitter AH & Hay RKM. 2002. Environmental physiology of plants. Pages 367-369. Academic Press, San Diego..

Edited book/Chapter in Book

Compton T. 1990. Degenerate primers for DNA amplification. Pages. 39-45 in Innis MA, Gelfand DH, Sninsky JJ, White TJ, editor. PCR Protocol: A guide to methods and applications. Academic Press, California.


Quarles SL, Valachovic Y. 2012. Using wood quality measures to evaluate second-growth redwood. Pages 553-559. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-238. 553-559. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Albany, California.

Poedjirahajoe E. 2007. Pengelompokan mangrove berdasarkan faktor habitat di Pantai Utara Jawa Tengah. Laporan DPP Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta


Sumiarsih SR. 2008. Initial evaluation of progeny trial of ebony (Diospyros celebica) in South Sulawesi. Dissertation (Unpublished). Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta.

Internet sources other than journals:  

Include the name of the organization hosting the website, their geographical location, and  access date (month year).

Belcher BM. 2003. Towards a harmonized definition of non-wood forest products. FAO, Rome, Italy. Avalaible from (accessed January 2017).

In press manuscripts:

Officially accepted manuscripts may be cited as in press in Literature Cited as the examples below :

Andayani W, Purwanto RH, Riyanto S. 2017. Bucking policy optimization of teak log to increase the income of KPH Madiun. Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan 11: in press.