Relationship of water quality with bacterial disease in Dumbo catfish (Clarias gariepinus L) in culture ponds in Palembang city

Authors

  • Leni Apriani Balai KIPM Palembang Jl. Gubernur H. Asnawi Mangku Alam Palembang
  • Novi Susanti Stasiun KIPM Jl. Raya Padang Kemiling, Kecamatan Selebar, Bengkulu, Indonesia
  • Gustriana Gustriana Stasiun KIPM Jl. Raya Padang Kemiling, Kecamatan Selebar, Bengkulu, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22219/ijota.v4i2.17963

Keywords:

Bacterial disease, Catfish, Outbreak, Water quality

Abstract

This study aims to determine water quality related to the occurrence of bacterial diseases of “Dumbo” catfish (Clarias gariepinus) reared in the pond. Field study was conducted at Bukit Lama and Bukit Baru Ilir Barat I Bukit Besar Palembang and laboratory studies was conducted at the Laboratory of Fish Quarantine Center of SMB II Palembang. The study was carried out at 3 representative locations. The parameters measured were: physical (temperature), chemical (dissolved oxygen, pH, ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite). The results of physical and chemical parameters indicated that the average value of all study sites was temperature of 30.30 to 30.73 º C, pH 6.5 - 7.0, ammonia of 0.01 to 1.6 ppm, dissolved oxygen of 0.87 to 3.4 ppm, nitrate of 1.4 to 3.2 ppm, nitrite of 0.01 ppm. The results of the identification of bacteria found 4 species, namely: Aeromonas hydrophila, Yersinia enterocolitica, Vibrio anguillarum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa which are pathogenic bacteria on fish. The dominant bacteria found during the study was Aeromonas hydrophila. The results of the study showed that the water quality of “Dumbo” catfish ponds (C. gariepinus) in Bukit Lama and Bukit Baru Ilir Barat 1 Palembang is not recommended for aquaculture.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonim. (2007). Hama dan penyakit ikan karantina. Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan. Jakarta

Austin, B. dan Austin, D. A. (2007). Aeromonadaceae representatives (Aeromonas salmonicida). In: Bacterial Fish Pathogens: Diseases in Farmed and Wild Fish, 4th Edition. Praxis Publishing, Chichester, UK : 24-314.

Bullock, G. L., Pascho, R. J., & Elliot, D.G. (1989). Development in the control of bacterial kidney disease of salmonid fishes. Dis. Aquat. Org. 6(2): 55-64.

Dana, D., & Angka, S. L. (1990). Masalah penyakit parasit dan bakteri pada ikan air tawar serta penanggulangannya. Hal: 10-23. Prosiding Seminar Nasional II Penyakit Ikan dan Udang. Balai Penelitian Perikanan Air Tawar. Bogor

Darmayati, Y., Kunarso, D. H., Ruyitno. (2009). Dinamika bakteri indikator pencemaran di perairan estuari Cisadane. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia 35(2): 273-290.

Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan SUMSEL (2006). Sumatera Selatan Dalam Angka 2006/2007. Palembang

Dini, S. M. (2010). Isolation, characterization, and Identification of bacterium Aeromonas sp. causative agents of Motile Aeromonas Septicemia (MAS) in gouramy. Sains Akuatik, 13 (2), 9–16.

Dwiharniati, K. (2004). Kualitas perairan situ babakan dan pengaruhnya terhadap beberapa jenis biota, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Program Pascasarjana

Feliatra. (1999). Identifikasi bakteri patogen (Vibrio sp) di Perairan Nongsa Batam. Riau. Jurnal Natur Indonesia. Vol.II

Ghufran, M. & Kordi, K. (2007). Pengelolaan kualitas air dalam budidaya perairan. Rineka Cipta

Hastuti, S., & Subandiyono. (2015). Kondisi kesehatan ikan Lele Dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) yang dipelihara dengan teknologi biofloc. Jurnal Saintek Perikanan. 10(2): 74-79.

Hatmanti A. 2003. Penyakit bakterial pada budidaya krustasea serta cara penanganannya. J. Oseana XXVIII(3): 1-10.

Hermawan, A. T, Iskandar, & Ujung. S. (2012). Pengaruh padat tebar terhadap kelangsungan hidup pertumbuhan Lele Dumbo (Clarias gariepinus Burch) di kolam Kali Menir Indramayu. Jurnal perikanan dan kelautan. 3(3): 85-93.

Maisyaroh, (2009). Inventarisasi jenis bakteri yang menginfeksi ikan Lele Dumbo (Clarias gariepenus) pada beberapa kolam di daerah Bukit Besar Palembang. Universitas Muhammadiyah

Murjani, A. (2011). Budidaya beberapa varietas ikan sepat rawa Trichogaster trichopterus (Pall) dengan pemberian pakan komersial. Fish Scientiae, Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perikanan dan Kelautan 1: 214–232.

Rey, A., Verjan, N., Ferguson, H. W., & Iregul, C. (2009). Pathogenesis of Aeromonas hydrophila strain KJ99 infection and its extracellular products in two species of fish. Veterinary Record, 164:493–499.

Sarkar, M., & Rashid M. (2012). Pathogenicity of Isolate the Bacterial Aeromonas hydrophila to Catfishes, Carps and Perch. Journal Bangladesh AgricultureUniversity 1(10): 157-161.

Triyaningsih, Sarjito, & Prayitno S. B. (2014). Patogenisitas Aeromonas hydrophila yang diisolasi dari Lele Dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) yang Berasal dari Boyolali. Journal of Aquaculture Management and Technology, 3(2): 11-17.

White, R. (1991). Diagnosis of Aeromonas hydrophila infection in fish University West Lafayette, IN 47907 West Lafayette

Zuryani, H. (2010). Studi kualitas air pada kanal di Kota Terpadu Mandiri (KTM) Rambutan-Parit Kabupaten Ogan Ilir untuk mendukung pengembangan budidaya ikan dalam karamba. Universitas Sriwijaya Program Pasca Sarjana

Downloads

Published

2022-02-28

How to Cite

Apriani, L., Susanti, N., & Gustriana, G. (2022). Relationship of water quality with bacterial disease in Dumbo catfish (Clarias gariepinus L) in culture ponds in Palembang city. IJOTA (Indonesian Journal of Tropical Aquatic), 4(2), 29-42. https://doi.org/10.22219/ijota.v4i2.17963

Issue

Section

Articles