• Dwi Poedjiastutie Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Kharisma Naidi Warnanda University of Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Teguh Hadi Saputro University of Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Aninda Nidlomil Hima University of Muhammadiyah malang



Needs Analysis, Communication Needs, Interpretive study


At English Department (ED) UMM, students learn communication for General Purposes (GE) and the generality of the communication materials very much depend on the teachers’ decisions. In other words, teachers can decide any topics and materials depending on the communication books they possessed and read. Even so, many of them by the end of their study period are still not able to speak English fluently. This research is to provide information needed for the curriculum development and classroom instruction through Needs Analysis (NA). The research questions for this study cover (1) what communication skills and competence are expected by ED UMM students? To answer the following questions, an interpretive research paradigm will be employed in the proposed research. In an interpretive research paradigm, theories are constructed from the data rather than theories preceding the data. The data in this research is the participants’ goals, reasons, motives, feelings, perspectives, and assumptions and these participant perspectives will be viewed through the lens of their cultural contexts. This approach uses three-stage data collection and analysis, namely: FGD (focus-group interview) with ED students. The findings showed:


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Dwi Poedjiastutie, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

An Associate Professor at UMM. ESP book writer. Books that have been published is Kontribusi untuk Bangsaku 70 tahun NKRI merdeka, Sekolah tanpa Kekerasan. Journal articles that have been published at national and international level.


Afzali, K., & Fakharzadeh, M. (2009). A needs analysis survey: The case of tourism letter writing in Iran. ESP World, 22(1). Retrieved from

Brunton, M.W.C. (2009). An evaluation of students’ attitudes to the general English and specific components of their course: a case study of hotel employees in Chiang Mai – Thailand. ESP World, Issue 4(25), Volume 8, 2009. Retrieved from

Casanave, C. P., & Hubbard, P. (1992). The writing assignment and writing problems of doctoral students: Faculty perceptions, pedagogical issues, and need research. English for Specific Purposes, 11, 33-49.

Chen, Y. (2006). From the common core to specific. Asian ESP Journal, 1(3), Retrieved from

Coleman, H. (2010). The English language in development. Retrieved from

Crystal, D. (2003). English as a global language (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Erlandson, D.A., Harris, E.L., Skipper, B.L., & Allen, S.D. (1993). Doing naturalistic inquiry: A guide to methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Evans, S., & Green, C. (2007). Why EAP is necessary: A survey of Hongkong tertiary students. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 6, 3-17.

Ferris, D. (1998). Students' views of academic aural/oral skills: A comparative needs analysis. TESOL Quarterly, 32(2), 289-318.

Ferris, D., & Tagg, T. (1996). Academic oral communication needs of EAP learners: What subject matter instructors actually require. TESOL Quarterly, 30(1), 31-58.

Finney, D. (2002). The ELT curriculum: A flexible model for a changing world. In J. C. Richard, & Renandya, W.A. (Ed.), Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practice (pp. 69-79). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Focho, G. N. (2010). Language as tool for global education: Bridging the gap between the traditional and global curriculum. Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching, 3(1), 135-148.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N.E., & Hyun, H.H. (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education (8th ed.). New York: Mc Graw-Hill.

Ghenghes, P. (2013) Students and teachers of engineering speak out! What do you really need? AWEJ, 4 (1), 11 – 27.

Hamp-Lyons, L. (2001). English for academic purposes. In R. Carter, & Nunan, D. (Ed.), The Cambridge guide to teaching English to speakers of other languages (pp. 126-130). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Huang, L. (2010). Seeing eye to eye? The academic writing needs of graduate and undergraduate students from students' and instructors' perspectives. Language Teaching Research, 14(4), 517-539. Retrieved from website:

Huda, N. (2000). Kedudukan dan fungsi bahasa asing (The position and function of foreign languages). In H. Alwi, & Sugono, D. (Ed.), Politik bahasa: risalah seminar politik bahasa (Language politics: procedings of the seminar on language politics). (pp. 59-78). Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa dan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Hyland, K. (1997). Is EAP necessary? A survey of Hong Kong undergraduates. Asian Journal of english Language Teaching, 7, 77-99.

Jenkins, J. (2003). World Englishes: A resource book for students. London and New York: Routledge English Language Introductions

Jenkins, S., Jordan, M.K.J., & Weiland, P.O. (1993). The role of writing in graduate engeenering education: A survey of faculty beliefs and practices. English for Specific Purposes, 12, 51-67.

Kirubahar, J. S., Santhi, V.J., & Subhashini, A. (2010). Personal and labour market environment factors in English for employability: A case study of KSA. Language in India, 10(4), 21-29. Retrieved from website:

Lauder, A. (2008). The status and function of English in Indonesia: A review of key factors. Makara, Social Humaniora, 12(1), 9-20.

Leki, I. (2003). Research insights on second language writing instruction (Publication no. EDO-FL-03-06). Available from ERIC Clearing House on Language and Linguistics Washigton, DC

Leki, I., & Carson, J.G. (1994). Students' perceptions of EAP writing instruction and writing needs across disciplines. TESOL Quarterly, 28(1), 67-79.

Lincoln, Y. & Guba, E. (1985). Naturalistic Inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

McCawley, P. F. (2009). Methods for conducting an educational needs assessment: Guidelines for cooperative extension system professionals. Moscow: University of Idaho.

Poedjiastutie, D. and Oliver, R. (2017). Exploring Students’ Learning Needs: Expectation and Challenges. ELT Journal 10 (10), 124-133. DOI:

Team, E. (2012). Borang Akreditasi: Tracer Study: English Department Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.




How to Cite

Poedjiastutie, D., Naidi Warnanda, K., Saputro, T. H., & Hima, A. N. (2018). AN INTERPRETIVE STUDY OF THE COMMUNICATION NEEDS OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT STUDENTS AT UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG. JINoP (Jurnal Inovasi Pembelajaran), 3(2), 588-598.