Knowledge-attitude about toward sunlight exposure and lung function in construction workers


  • Amelia Lorensia Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
  • Rivan Virlando Suryadinata Faculty of Medicines, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
  • Try Suryandi Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia



Knowledge, Attitude, Sunlight exposure, FEV1/FVC


The primary source of Vitamin D is sunlight, which plays a role in improving respiratory health. The level of knowledge and attitudes regarding sun exposure can affect daily lifestyle, thus affecting lung function. The research design was cross-sectional and, from April to June 2018, was conducted in Rungkut District, Surabaya. The construction workers were divided into with and without respiratory problems. The variables were knowledge and attitudes towards sun exposure related to vitamin D deficiency risk, with data collection using a questionnaire. The result showed that the level of knowledge (98.31%) and attitude (100%) was low. There was no significant difference in the level of knowledge p-value (0.161 > 0.05) between with and without respiratory problems. The correlation test of knowledge and attitudes towards sun exposure related to the risk of vitamin D deficiency cannot be carried out because there was no excellent attitude. Knowledge and attitudes towards sun exposure related to the risk of vitamin D deficiency tend to be low in construction workers. However, knowledge and attitude were not the main factors affecting lung function.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Amelia Lorensia, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

Departemen Farmasi Klinis-Komunitas


Arora, H., Dixit, V., & Srivastava, N. (2016). Evaluation Of Knowledge, Practices Of Vitamin D and Attitude Toward Sunlight Among Indian Students. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 9(1), 308-13.

Ardam, K. A. Y. (2015). Hubungan Paparan Debu dan Lama Paparan dengan Gangguan Faal Paru Pekerja Overhaul Power Plant. The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 4(2), 155-166.

Babelghaith, S. D., Wajid, S., Al-Zaaqi, M. A., Al-Malki, A. S., Al-Amri, F. D., Alfadly, S., ... & Alarifi, M. N. (2017). Knowledge and practice of vitamin D deficiency among people lives in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia-A cross-sectional study. Biomedical Research, 28(7), 3114-3118.

Bank Indonesia. (2019). Perkembangan Properti Komersial (PPKOM). Jakarta, Indonesia: Authors.

Bathi, B. A., Zayed, K. E., Qenai, M . A., Makboul, G., & El-Shazly, M. K. (2012). Knowledge, attitude and practice of patients attending primary care centers toward vitamin D in Kuwait. Alexandria Journal of Medicine, 48(3), 277-282. doi:10.1016/j.ajme.2012.02.003

Bozzetto, S., Carraro, S., Giordano, G., Boner, A., & Baraldi, E. (2012). Asthma , allergy and respiratory infections: the vitamin D hypothesis. Allergy, 67, 10–17. doi:10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02711.x

Darmawan, A. (2013). Penyakit Sistem Respirasi Akibat Kerja. Jambi Medical Journal, 1(1), 68–83. doi:10.22437/jmj.v1i1.2691

Finklea, J. D., Grossmann, R. E., & Tangpricha, V. (2011). Vitamin D and Chronic Lung Disease : A Review of Molecular Mechanisms and Clinical Studies. Advances in Nutrition, 2(3), 244–253. doi: 10.3945/an.111.000398

Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. (2019). Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Fontana, WI: Authors.

Hansdottir, S., & Monick, M. M. (2011). Vitamin D Effects on Lung Immunity and Respiratory Disease. Vitamins & Hormones, 86, 217-237. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-386960-9.00009-5

Harada, C. N., Love, M. C. N., & Triebel, K. (2014). Normal Cognitive Aging. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 29(4), 737-752. doi:10.1016/j.cger.2013.07.002

Hejazi, M. E., Modarresi-Ghazani, F., & Entezari-Maleki, T. (2016). Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice Review Article A review of Vitamin D effects on common respiratory diseases : Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and tuberculosis. Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice, 5(1), 7–15. doi:10.4103/2279-042X.176542

Herr, C., Greulich, T., Koczulla, R. A., Meyer, S., Zakharkina, T., Branscheidt, M., … & Bals, R. (2011). The role of vitamin D in pulmonary disease: COPD, asthma, infection, and cancer. Respiratory Research, 12(31), 1-9. doi:10.1186/1465-9921-12-31

Holick, M. F. (2011). Vitamin D: A D-Lightful Solution for Health. Journal of Investigate Medicine, 59(6), 872-880. doi:10.2310/JIM.0b013e318214ea2d

Kaptein, A. A., Klok, T., Moss-Morris, R., & Brand, P. L. P. (2010). Illness perceptions: Impact on self-management and control in asthma. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 10(3), 194-199. doi:10.1097/ACI.0b013e32833950c1

Lhamo, Y., Chugh, P. K., Gautam, S. R., & Tripathi, C. D. (2017). Epidemic of Vitamin D deficiency and its management: Awareness among Indian medical undergraduates. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2017, 2517207. doi:10.1155/2017/2517207

Lorensia, A., Raharjo, D. N., & Gandawari, N. (2020). Pengaruh Pengetahuan-Sikap Mengenai Vitamin D terkait Obesitas pada Mahasiswa. Journal Ilmiah Ibnu Sina, 5(1), 72-86. doi:10.36387/jiis.v5i1.388

Lowery, E. M., Brubaker, A. L., Kuhlmann, E., & Kovacs, E.J. (2013). The Aging Lung. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 8, 1489-1496.

Mishra, A., Chaturvedi, P., Datta, S., Sinukumar, S., Joshi, P., & Garg, A. (2015). Harmful effects of nicotine. Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncolology, 36(1), 24-31. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.151771

Murdaca, G., Pioggia, G. & Negrini, S. (2020). Vitamin D and Covid-19: an update on evidence and potential therapeutic implications. Clinical and Molecular Allergy, 18, 23. doi:10.1186/s12948-020-00139-0

Nolasco, R., Moreira, L. D., Bocalini, D. S., Fronza, F. C., Marin, R. V., & Lazaretti-Castro, M. (2017). Effects of vitamin D supplementation on pulmonary function in postmenopausal women following an aquatic exercise program. Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 61(1), 28-35. doi:10.1590/2359-3997000000211

Persson, L. J. P., Aanerud, M., Hiemstra, P. S., Hardie, J. A., Bakke, P. S., & Eagan, L. (2012). Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Is Associated with Low Levels of Vitamin D. PloS one, 7(6), 1-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038934

Pfeffer, P. E., & Hawrylowicz, C. M. (2012). Vitamin D and lung disease. Thorax, 67(11), 1018–1020. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2012-202139

Plum, L. A., & DeLuca, H. F. (2010). Vitamin D, disease and therapeutic opportunities. Nature reviews Drug discovery, 9(12), 941-955. doi:10.1038/nrd3318

Pratiwi, S. R., Lorensia, A., & Suryadinata, R. V. (2018). Asupan Vitamin C dan E dengan SQ-FFQ terhadap Fungsi Paru Perokok dan Non-Perokok= Vitamin C and E Intake with SQ-FFQ towards Smokers’ and Non-Smokers’ Lung Function. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat indonesia, 14(2), 101-107.

Qureshi, A. Z., Zia, Z., Gitay, M. N., Khan, M. U., & Khan, M. S. (2015). Attitude of future healthcare provider towards vitamin D significance in relation to sunlight exposure. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 23(5), 523-527. doi:10.1016/j.jsps.2015.01.004

Suryadinata, R. V., Lorensia, A., & Aprilia, A. P. (2017). Profil Vitamin D pada Pasien Asma dan Non-Asma Dewasa di Surabaya. The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, 12(1), 106–117.

Song, M., Benowitz, N. L., Berman, M., Brasky, T. M., Cummings, K. M., Hatsukami, D. K., ... & Shields, P. G. (2017). Cigarette Filter Ventilation and its Relationship to Increasing Rates of Lung Adenocarcinoma. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 109(12), 1-18. doi:10.1093/jnci/djx075

Wacker, M., & Holick, M. F. (2013). Sunlight and Vitamin D: A global perspective for health. Dermato-Endocrinology, 5(1), 51-108. doi:10.4161/derm.24494

Zhou, M., Zhuang, W., Yuan, Y., Li, Z., & Cai, Y. (2015). Investigation on vitamin D knowledge , attitude and practice of university students in Nanjing , China. Public Health Nutrition, 19(1), 78-82. doi:10.1017/S1368980015000373

Zhou, Y., Luo, B., & Qin, L. (2019). The association between vitamin D deficiency and Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Medicine, 98(38), e17252. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000017252




How to Cite

Lorensia, A., Suryadinata, R. V., & Suryandi, T. (2021). Knowledge-attitude about toward sunlight exposure and lung function in construction workers. Farmasains : Jurnal Farmasi Dan Ilmu Kesehatan, 5(2), 77-84.