Postoperative antibiotic therapy patterns in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) patients

Authors

  • Aghnia Fuadatul Inayah Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malangg, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
  • Rizki Lisya Nugraha Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malangg, Malang, East Java, Indonesia
  • Didik Hasmono Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22219/farmasains.v5i2.13942

Keywords:

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Antibiotic prophylactic, Antibiotic empiric, Postoperative

Abstract

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate disease benign or a condition when the cells are present the prostate gland has an increased proliferation rate. There are several treatment options, including conservative (watchful waiting), medical, and surgery. Antibiotics in BPH cases can be prophylactic antibiotics or empiric antibiotics. This study was  an observational study. The samples were BPH patients who received antibiotics for period January - November 2019. The pattern of prophylactic antibiotic use shows that most of the patients received ceftriaxone therapy. Operation on BPH patients is TURP which is an operation classified into surgery with a clean-contaminated category so that prophylactic antibiotics are required. There are two patterns of use for empiric antibiotics in BPH patients: single (88%) and combination (12%). The pattern of single or combined use is given to patients depending on the complications of the disease and the patient's clinical condition. BPH cases occur in men mostly occurs at the age of 60-74 years. Prophylactic antibiotic therapy in BPH patients, namely ceftriaxone 1 gr IV once daily was 48 patients (90.6%), a broad spectrum. Meanwhile, the most use of empirical antibiotics with a single pattern is Ceftriaxone 1 gr IV twice daily (35.6%).

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Published

2021-02-02

How to Cite

Inayah, A. F., Nugraha, R. L., & Hasmono, D. (2021). Postoperative antibiotic therapy patterns in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) patients. Farmasains : Jurnal Farmasi Dan Ilmu Kesehatan, 5(2), 57-62. https://doi.org/10.22219/farmasains.v5i2.13942

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