The Failure of MINUSCA as Peacekeeping Force in the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2013-2015

Authors

  • Hardi Alunaza SD Department of International Relations, Faculty Social and Political Sciences, Tanjungpura University, Jln Prof Dr H. Hadari Nawawi, Bansir Laut, Pontianak Tenggara, Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78115. Phone number: +62 852-5826-5825
  • Virginia Sherin Department of International Relations, Faculty Social and Political Sciences, Tanjungpura University, Jln Prof Dr H. Hadari Nawawi, Bansir Laut, Pontianak Tenggara, Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78115.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22219/sospol.v4i2.5232

Keywords:

CAR, MINUSCA, Peacekeeping Force

Abstract

Since Bozizé led the CAR from March 15, 2003, to March 24, 2013, there has been resistance from some of the rebel forces. The rebellion continues because of the economic and political weaknesses in the CAR government. One of them comes from an opposition coalition known as Séléka who staged a rebellion in 2013 with the aim of overthrowing the Bozizé regime. After the fall of Bozizé, CAR's condition has worsened because Séléka rebels have committed gross human rights violations in the CAR. This is where the conflict develops from the conflict that was originally just a conflict of government-opposition, then widened and turned to religious conflicts. As a result, questions arise about the efforts and involvement of third parties in conflict resolution within the CAR and the social impacts of the conflict. This article attempts to answer questions which focuses on the involvement of third parties as peacekeepers in conflict areas. In this case, the authors use qualitative research methods in the form of literature studies such as books, journals, and scientific articles in supporting the final explanation. The result of this paper shows that the failure of Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) as a peacekeeping force in the conflict in CAR in 2013-2015 is caused by human rights violation in the form of sexual exploitation. This has had a social impact on the lives of communities, especially women and children, suffer from physical and mental trauma resulting from conflict and become victims of human rights violations committed by MINUSCA.

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Author Biographies

Hardi Alunaza SD, Department of International Relations, Faculty Social and Political Sciences, Tanjungpura University, Jln Prof Dr H. Hadari Nawawi, Bansir Laut, Pontianak Tenggara, Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78115. Phone number: +62 852-5826-5825

Hardi Alunaza dosen pada Jurusan Hubungan Internasional Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak Kalimantan Barat. Ia alumni program pascasarjana bidang Politik dan Hubungan Internasional dalam kajian Diplomasi Publik Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Berminat pada kajian Perbatasan dan Studi ASEAN, Resolusi Perdamaian dan Konflik, Diplomasi Publik, Politik internasional, dan Studi Pariwista. Aktif sebagai penulis pada beberapa jurnal ilmiah, Hardi Alunaza juga menjadi anggota Association of Researchers yang bekerja sama dengan Zaman University Cambodia dan International Islamic University Malaysia. Pada tahun 2015, ia diundang oleh Perdana Global Peace Foundation Kuala Lumpur untuk bergabung bersama Mahathir Global Peace School.

Virginia Sherin, Department of International Relations, Faculty Social and Political Sciences, Tanjungpura University, Jln Prof Dr H. Hadari Nawawi, Bansir Laut, Pontianak Tenggara, Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat 78115.

Virginia Sherin merupakan mahasiswa aktif pada Jurusan Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Tanjungpura. Memiliki minat penelitian pada Resolusi Perdamaian dan Konflik, Pariwisata Internasional, Perbandingan Sistem Politik, dan Politik Luar Negeri. Pada April 2018, ia mengikuti International Conference on Quds and Palestine Sovereignty di Universitas Darussalam Gontor dan menerbitkan makalah yang berjudul Global Response on Palestine Conflict Resolution. Selain dalam bidang akademis, ia juga aktif sebagai anggota KOMAHI dan sebagai asisten dosen pada mata kuliah Politik Luar Negeri.

References

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Published

2018-12-26

How to Cite

SD, H. A., & Sherin, V. (2018). The Failure of MINUSCA as Peacekeeping Force in the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2013-2015. Sospol : Jurnal Sosial Politik, 4(2), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.22219/sospol.v4i2.5232