Alas Kandung-based science learning tools to optimize students’ critical thinking skills


  • Novita Ratnasari Master of Science Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Central Java 57126
  • S. Sarwanto Master of Science Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Central Java 57126
  • Baskoro Adi Prayitno Master of Science Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Central Java 57126



critical thinking skills, learning tools, environmental-based learning tools


Critical Thinking Skills (CTS) are the crucial skills required by nowadays generation in dealing with the 21st Century challenges. Yet, the researches focused on higher order thinking skills are still limited. This study aimed to analyze the effect of Alas Kandung-based science learning tools on students’ CTS. The research design was pretest and post-test with non-equivalent control group. The treatment given in experimental class was the implementation of Alas Kandung-based science learning tools, while the control class was taught using common method used by the teachers.  The results of this study indicated that the students’ CTS in experimental class was significantly higher than the control class [F(1,47) = 11.672, p = 0.001]. In conclusion, the Alas Kandung-based science learning tools is effective in improving students’ CTS.

Author Biographies

Novita Ratnasari, Master of Science Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Central Java 57126

S. Sarwanto, Master of Science Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Central Java 57126

Baskoro Adi Prayitno, Master of Science Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36A Kentingan Surakarta, Central Java 57126


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