Analisa Dampak Lingkungan Pada Instalasi Pengolahan Air Minum (IPAM) Dengan Metode Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

Desrina Yusi Irawati, David Andrian


Babat Drinking Water Treatment Plant (IPAM Babat) is one of the clean water facilities for Lamongan community. The process of clean water requires an appropriate processing. This process requires chemicals and energy that it will adverse effects to the environment. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is one of the environmental effects analyze methods for clean water process. The four phases of LCA are Goal And Scope Definition, Life Cycle Inventory, Life Cycle Impact Assessment, and Interpretation. The environmental impacts of the LCA method of processing are divided into three broad categories of impacts, namely the categories of human health, ecosystem quality, and resources. The result of LCA analyzed shows that electrical energy utilization product an environment impact significantly. This impact has consequences on the resource category (fossil fuels) and human health (climate change) due to CO2 combustion. The largest electric consumption is used for tools of pumping water due to the distant length intake and IPAM. The solution for reduced the electric consumption is using the equipment efficiency and water flow system by the power of gravity.


water production process, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), and IPAM

Full Text:



D. M. Priyoaji, "Evaluasi Pelayanan Air Minum Pada Daerah Pelayanan IPAM Babat PDAM Lamongan," Postgraduate, ITS, Surabaya, 2017.

G. Finnveden, M. Z. Hauschild, T. Ekvall, J. Guinée, R. Heijungs, S. Hellweg, et al., "Recent Developments in Life Cycle Assessment," Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 91, pp. 1-21, 2009.

M. J. Thorn, J. L. Kraus, and D. R. Parker, "Life‐Cycle Assessment as a Sustainability Management Tool: Strengths, Weaknesses, and Other Considerations," Environmental Quality Management, vol. 20, pp. 1-10, 2011.

M. Lundin and G. M. Morrison, "A Life Cycle Assessment Based Procedure for Development of Environmental Sustainability Indicators for Urban Water Systems," Urban Water, vol. 4, pp. 145-152, 2002.

M. J. Amores, M. Meneses, J. Pasqualino, A. Antón, and F. Castells, "Environmental Assessment of Urban Water Cycle on Mediterranean Conditions by LCA Approach," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 43, pp. 84-92, 2013.

O. O. O. Rodriguez, R. A. Villamizar-Gallardo, and R. G. García, "Life Cycle Assessment of Four Potable Water Treatment Plants in Northeastern Colombia," Revista Ambiente & Água, vol. 11, pp. 268-278, 2016.

Q. Zhang, X. Wang, J. Xiong, R. Chen, and B. Cao, "Application of Life Cycle Assessment For an Evaluation of Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Project–Case Study of Xi’an, China," Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, pp. 1421-1425, 2010.

I. Munoz, A. Rodriguez, R. Rosal, and A. R. Fernandez-Alba, "Life Cycle Assessment of Urban Wastewater Reuse with Ozonation as Tertiary Treatment: A Focus on Toxicity-Related Impacts," Science of The Total Environment, vol. 407, pp. 1245-1256, 2009.

K. C. Hallett, "Energy Intensity of Water: Literature Suggests Increasing Interest Despite Limited and Inconsistent Data," in ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 2011, pp. 409-419.

F. Vince, E. Aoustin, P. Bréant, and F. Marechal, "LCA Tool for The Environmental Evaluation of Potable Water Production," Desalination, vol. 220, pp. 37-56, 2008.

M. Goedkoop, "A Damage Oriented Method for Life Cycle Impact Assessment. Pre Consultants, Amersfoort," The Eco-Indicator'99, 1999.

A. Hasan, "Dampak Penggunaan Klorin," Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan, vol. 7, 2011.

S. D. Lin and C. C. Lee, Water and Wastewater Calculations Manual vol. 6: Mcgraw-hill New York, 2007.

H. Sarparastzadeh, M. Saeedi, F. Naeimpoor, and B. Aminzadeh, "Pretreatment of Municipal Wastewater by Enhanced Chemical Coagulation," International Journal of Environmental Research, vol. 1, pp. 104-113, 2007.

S. Teng, "Gambaran Umum Penanganan Limbah," Jakarta: PT Nusantara Water Centre, 2000.

A. Del Borghi, C. Strazza, M. Gallo, S. Messineo, and M. Naso, "Water Supply and Sustainability: Life Cycle Assessment of Water Collection, Treatment and Distribution Service," The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 18, pp. 1158-1168, 2013.

M. E.-S. M. Mahgoub, N. P. van der Steen, K. Abu-Zeid, and K. Vairavamoorthy, "Towards Sustainability in Urban Water: A Life Cycle Analysis of The Urban Water System of Alexandria City, Egypt," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 18, pp. 1100-1106, 2010.

F. Mubin, A. Binilang, and F. Halim, "Perencanaan Sistem Pengolahan Air Limbah Domestik di Kelurahan Istiqlal Kota Manado," Jurnal Sipil Statik, vol. 4, 2016.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.